Textbook Notes (363,141)
Canada (158,218)
York University (12,357)
Psychology (3,541)
PSYC 3090 (54)
Chapter 1

PSYC 3090 Chapter 1: CHAPTER 1

9 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
PSYC 3090
Krista Trobst

CHAPTER 1 – PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING AND ASSESSMENT Testing and Assessment -roots of psyc testing france early 20 century -Alfred Binet, test to help place paris children in appropriate classes -other countries + military adopted these tests Psychological Testing + Assessment defined -binets test lead to more test developers, publishers + test users -testing referred to administering + interpreting scores -WW1 – testing meant screening thousands of military recruits -WW2 – semantic change between testing + assessment -WW2 – used psyc tests like group interview to simulate interrogation to find good candidates -assessment center approach to personnel evaluation inspired by assessment data gathering + evaluation by highly trained staff -assessment means tests are only one type of tool being used and value is linked to assessor Psychological assessment: the gathering + integrating of psychological data for psychological evaluation through the use of tests, interviews, case studies, behavioral observation + specially designed apparatuses and measurement procedures Psychological test: a measuring device or procedure designed to measure psychology-related variables The Process of Assessment 1. Referral for assessment a. Sometimes includes referral questions 2. May meet with assesse or others before assessment occurs to clarify aspects of reason for referrals 3. Prepares for assessment by selecting correct tools a. May need to research to prepare 4. Assessment begins 5. Writes report of findings that answers referral questions rd 6. More feedback with assessees or interested 3 parties may happen -different assessors assess differently Collaborative psychological assessment: the assessor and assess may work as “partners” from initial contact through final feedback -may include element of therapy Therapeutic psychological assessment: a collaborative approach wherein discovery of therapeutic insights about oneself are encouraged and actively promoted by the assessor throughout the assessment process -dynamic assessment becoming popular in educational settings Dynamic assessment: refers to an interactive approach to psychological assessment that usually follows a model of 1. Evaluation 2. Intervention of some sort 3. Evaluation -intervention takes diff forms depending on purpose of dynamic assessment The Tools of Psychological Assessment The Test Test: measuring device or procedure Psychological test: refers to device or procedure designed to measure variables related to psychological -vary with number of variables, content, format, scoring etc -2 tests measuring same content may have different item content Format: pertains to the form, plan, structure, arrangement and layout of test items as well as to related considerations such as time limits -could also be form test is administered -format could related to other evaluative tools -tests require diff administration procedures -differ score + scoring Score: code or summary statement, not necessarily numerical in nature, that reflects an evaluation of performance on a test, task, interview or some other sample of behaviour Scoring: process of assigning such evaluative codes or statements to performance on tests, tasks, interviews or other behavior samples Cut score: reference point, usually numerical, derived by judgment and used to divide a set of data into two or more classifications -sometimes no formal procedure used to derive this cut score -tests differ widely in guidelines for scoring + interpretation -tests can sometimes come with manuals for guidelines Psychometric soundness: the technical quality of a test or other tool of assessment Psychometrics: the science of psychological measurements Psychometrist/psychometrician: terms referring to a professional who uses, analyzes + interprets psychological test data Utility: usefulness/practical value that a test or other tool of assessment has for a particular purpose The Interview -face to face talk, taking notes -verbal + nonverbal cues -can use phone interview, online interviews Interview: method of gathering information through direct communication involving reciprocal exchange Panel interview: more than one interviewer participates in the assessment -decreases biases of a lone interview -utility is disadvantage, not worth using so many interviewers -quality of interview largely dependent on interviewer The Portfolio Portfolio: work sample Case History Data Case history data: records, transcripts, and other accounts in written, pictorial, or other form that preserve archival information, official and informal accounts and other data and items relevant to an assesse -shed light in individual’s past Case study: report or illustrative account concerning a person or an event that was compiled on the basis of case history data Behavioural Observation Behavioural observation: monitoring the actions of others or oneself by visual or electronic means while recording quantitative and/or qualitative information regarding those actions, typically for diagnostic or related purposes and either to design intervention or to measure the outcome of an intervention Naturalistic observation: behavioral observation that takes place in a naturally occurring setting for the purpose of evaluation and information gathering Role-Play Tests Role-play: acting an improvised or partially improvised part in a simulated situation Role-play tests: an assessment tool wherein assesses are instructed to act as if they were placed in a particular situation -may not be as useful as the real thing Computers as Tools Local processing: on-site, computerized scoring, interpretation or other conversion of raw test data Central processing: computerized scoring, interpretation or other conversion of raw test data that is physically transported from the same or other test sites Teleprocessing: computerized scoring, interpretation, or other conversion of raw test data sent over telephone lines by modem from a test site to a central location for computer processing Simple scoring report: type of scoring report that provides only a listing of scores Extended scoring report: a type of scoring report that provides not only a listing of scores but statistical data as well Interpretive report: formal or official computer-generated account of test performance presented in both numeric and narrative form and including an explanation of the findings, descripting, screening and consultative Consultative report: a type of interpretive report designed to provide expert and detailed analysis of test data that mimics the work of an expert consultant Integrative report: a form of interpretive report of psychological assessment usually computer- generated, in which data from behavioural, medical, administrative and/or other sources are integrated CAPA: an acronym that stands for computer assisted psychological assessment -assists test user -allows test developers to create sound tests using complicated mathematical procedures + calculations CAT: acronym that stands for neurological scanning technology called computer adapted testing -assists test takers -APA committee on psychological tests + assessment was convened to consider the pros + cons of computer-assisted assessment, and assessment using the Internet, advantages were: 1. test
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3090

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.