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Introduction_History of Psychology.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3125
Professor
Alexandra Rutherford
Semester
Fall

Description
INTRODUCTION WHY HISTORY ? WHY HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY? ­­Psychology = scientific study of being human. ­­This book shows how “being human” has been made observable , quantifiable and  manipulable by a variety of different scientists, philosophers etc. ­­Rogers Smith ( A  Historian ) said a historical knowledge is a foundational to being able  to understand ourselves as humans. ­­The history of psychology allows us to see what role psychological knowledge has  played in what people say or belive about being human and what impact these beliefs  have had on what people actually do. Big P Psychology vs. Little p Psychology Big P Psychology = refers to formal  institutionalized discipline of Psychology that  includes academic departments, journals, organizations and other trappings of  professionalism. Little P Psychology =  refers to psychological subject matter itself and includes everday  psychology that has always exicsted as people make sense of their lives. *However when we are referring to both psychology a small “p” would be used.* Conflation occurs when the identities of two or more individuals, concepts, or places, sharing some characteristics of one another 3 Important Topics in Psychology include 1. Reflexivity = fundamental conflation of the agent and the object of study in  psychology to  see  (i) how objects of psychological study—usually humans ­­­  are not passive ; instead they  actively interpret their worlds, experiences and interactions in ways that cannot be  factored out of their performance as research participants , either in isolation or across  time.  (ii) Since Psychologists are also humans , and theory of human behavior they generate  applies equally well to them , as to the people they study and their theories may reflect  their experiences,  biases and beliefs about being human. 2. Social constructionism : Psychology is defined and practiced, 
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