WHY HISTORY ? WHY HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY?
Psychology = scientific study of being human.
This book shows how “being human” has been made observable , quantifiable and
manipulable by a variety of different scientists, philosophers etc.
Rogers Smith ( A Historian ) said a historical knowledge is a foundational to being able
to understand ourselves as humans.
The history of psychology allows us to see what role psychological knowledge has
played in what people say or belive about being human and what impact these beliefs
have had on what people actually do.
Big P Psychology vs. Little p Psychology
Big P Psychology = refers to formal institutionalized discipline of Psychology that
includes academic departments, journals, organizations and other trappings of
Little P Psychology = refers to psychological subject matter itself and includes everday
psychology that has always exicsted as people make sense of their lives.
*However when we are referring to both psychology a small “p” would be used.*
Conflation occurs when the identities of two or more individuals, concepts, or
places, sharing some characteristics of one another
3 Important Topics in Psychology include
1. Reflexivity = fundamental conflation of the agent and the object of study in
psychology to see
(i) how objects of psychological study—usually humans are not passive ; instead they
actively interpret their worlds, experiences and interactions in ways that cannot be
factored out of their performance as research participants , either in isolation or across
time. (ii) Since Psychologists are also humans , and theory of human behavior they generate
applies equally well to them , as to the people they study and their theories may reflect
their experiences, biases and beliefs about being human.
2. Social constructionism : Psychology is defined and practiced,