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Chapter Thirteen.docx

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PSYC 3140
Joel Goldberg

Chapter Thirteen Disorders with onset in childhoodBehaviour disorders ADHD conduct disorder oppositional defiant disorderSeparation anxiety disorderElimination disorders enuresis encopresisDisorders in cognitive motor and communication skills o Learning disorders reading disorder dyslexia mathematic disorder disorder of written expression o Motor skills disorder developmental coordination disorder o Communication disorders expressive language disorder mixed receptiveexpressive language disorder phonological disorder stutteringMental retardation mild moderate severe and profound mental retardationPervasive developmental disorder Autism Retts disorder childhood disintegrative disorder Aspergers disorderTic disorders Tourettes disorder chronic motor or focal tic disorder transient tic disorderFeeding and eating disorders Pica Rumination disorder feeding disorder of infancy or early childhoodOther disorders selective mutism reactive attachment disorder stereotypic movement disorder Behaviour Disorders Disorder SymptomsProposed Etiologies Treatments ADHD Inattention 1 Immaturity of the 1 Stimulant drugs hyperactivity brain particularly Ritalin impulsivity frontal lobes caudate 2 Behaviour therapy nucleus and corpus focused on callosum reinforcing attentive 2 Genetic goaldirected predisposition behaviours and 3 Prenatal and birth extinguishing complications impulsive 4 Disrupted families hyperactive behaviours Conduct disorder Behaviours that violate 1 Genetic 1 Antidepressants the basic rights of predisposition neuroleptics others and the norms 2 Deficits in brain stimulants lithium for social behaviour regions involved in 2 Cognitiveplanning and behavioural therapy controlling behaviour focused on changing 3 Difficult temperament hostile cognitions 4 Lower physiological teaching children to arousal to take others punishment perspectives and 5 Serotonin imbalance teaching problem6 High testosterone solving skills 7 Poor parental supervision parental uninvolvement parental violence 8 Delinquent peer groups 9 Cognitions that promote aggressionOppositional defiant Argumentativeness Same as conduct Same as conduct disorder negativity irritability disorder disorder defiance but not as severe as conduct disorder Largescale epidemiological studies suggest that more than a third of all children suffer from a significant emotional or behavior disorder by the time they are 16 boys are more vulnerable to mental health problems than are girls before age 16ADHDattention deficit hyperactivity disorderTemperament is a childs arousability and general mood Biological FactorChildren with difficult temperaments are highly sensitive to stimulation become upset easily and have trouble calming themselves when upset1 Behaviour DisordersThe three behaviour disorderso attention deficit hyperactivity disorder o conduct disorder o oppositional defiant disorder all involve extreme inattention hyperactivity and socially inappropriate behaviour Disorder Symptoms Proposed Etiologies Treatments Stimulant drugs eg Ritalin Attention deficit Inattention hyperactivity hyperactivity impulsivity Immaturity of the Behaviour therapy focused on disorder ADHD brain particularly reinforcing attentive goalfrontal lobes caudate directed behaviours and nucleus and corpus extinguishing impulsive
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