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Chapter 12

PSYC 3140 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Histrionic Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Personality Disorder


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3140
Professor
Stephen Fleming
Chapter
12

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Chapter 12
Personality disorders are
”enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to and thinking about the environment and
oneself that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts”
AND
“are inflexible and maladaptive and
cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress.”
Enduring maladaptive patterns for relating to the environment and oneself,
exhibited in a wide range of contexts that cause significant functional impairment
or subjective distress.
Inflexible
Maladaptive
Cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress
Chronic – originate in childhood and continue throughout adulthood
People who have personality disorders in addition to other psychological
problems, tend to do poorly in treatment
On Axis II
Made up of Cluster A, B and C
Difficulty can be seen as one of degree rather than kind
oThe problems of people with personality disorders may just be extreme
versions of the problems many of us experience on a temporary basis
Categorical and Dimensional Models
Advantages of a system with both categories and dimensions:
1) it would retain more information about each individual
2) it would be more flexible because it would permit both categorical and
dimensional differentiations among individuals
3) it would avoid the often arbitrary decision involved in assigning a person to a
diagnostic category
Five factor model of personality – “BIG FIVE”
People can be rated on a series of personality dimensions and the combination of five
components describes why people are so different
1) Extraversion – talkative, assertive, active
2) Agreeableness – kind, trusting, warm
3) Conscientiousness – organized, thorough, reliable
4) Neuroticism – nervous, moody, temperamental
5) Openness to experience – imaginative, curious, creative
On each dimension, people are rated high, low or somewhere in between

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Personality Disorder Clusters
Cluster A – odd, eccentric
Paranoid (Penny)
Schizoid (Sees)
Schizotypal (Sally)
Cluster B – dramatic, emotional, erratic, impulsivity
Antisocial
Borderline
Histrionic
Narcissistic
Cluster C – anxious, fearful
Avoidant
Dependent
Obsessive compulsive
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