PSYC 3170 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Executive Functions

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Ch.4 October 6
B) A Sense Of Personal Control
- Personal control: the feeling that they can make decisions and take effective
action to produce desirable outcomes and avoid undesirable ones
- Behavioural control: the ability to take concrete action to reduce the impact of a
stressor, this might reduce the intensity of the event or shorten its duration
- Cognitive control: the ability to use thought processes or strategies to modify
the impact of a stressor, such as by thinking about the event differently or
focusing on a pleasant or neutral thought
- Locus of control: people who believe they have control over their successes and
failures for these events, it lies within themselves, they are responsible
- Self efficacy: the belief that we can succeed at a specific activity ewe want to
- Outcome expectancy: the behaviour, if properly carried out, would lead to a
favourable outcome
- Self efficacy expectancy: they can perform the behaviour properly
- Our sense of control develops through social learning: we learn by observing
the behaviour of others
- Parents and teachers lead girls more than boys toward beliefs in external
control and in low efficacy for certain activities
- Minority groups and people who are low in socio economic status generally
have limited access to power and economic advancement, they tend to have
external locus of control beliefs
- Martin Seligan’s learn helplessness: people can learn to be helpless by being in
uncontrollable situations that lead to repeated failure
- Internal external: people consider whether the situation results from their own
personal inability to control outcomes or from external cause that are beyond
anyone’s control
- Stable unstable: people assess whether the situation results from a cause that
is long lasting (stable) or temporary (unstable)
- Global specific: people consider whether the situation results from factors that
have global and wide ranging effects or specific and narrow effects
- Ways in which personal control and health may be related: people who have a
strong sense of personal control may be more likely or able to maintain their
health and prevent illness than those who have a weak sense of control, and
once people become seriously ill, those who have a strong sense of control may
adjust to the illness and promote their own rehabilitation better than those who
have a weak sense of control
- Multidimensional health locus of control scales: 18 items divided into three
scales
- Internal health locus of control: the belief that control of one’s health lies within
the person
- Powerful others health locus of control: the belief that one’s health is controlled
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Document Summary

Ch. 4 october 6: a sense of personal control. Personal control: the feeling that they can make decisions and take effective action to produce desirable outcomes and avoid undesirable ones. Behavioural control: the ability to take concrete action to reduce the impact of a stressor, this might reduce the intensity of the event or shorten its duration. Cognitive control: the ability to use thought processes or strategies to modify the impact of a stressor, such as by thinking about the event differently or focusing on a pleasant or neutral thought. Locus of control: people who believe they have control over their successes and failures for these events, it lies within themselves, they are responsible. Self efficacy: the belief that we can succeed at a specific activity ewe want to. Outcome expectancy: the behaviour, if properly carried out, would lead to a favourable outcome. Self efficacy expectancy: they can perform the behaviour properly.

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