PSYC 3170 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Mammography, Conscientiousness, Community Theatre

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Ch.6 October 16
C) Problems In Promoting Wellness
- The process of preventing illness and injury can be thought of as operating as a
system, in which the individual, his or her family, health professionals, and the
community play a role
- According to this perspective, many interrelated factors and problems can
impair the influence of each component in the system, and each component
affects each other
- Many people perceive some healthful behaviours as less appealing or
convenient than their unhealthy alternatives
- First, adopting wellness lifestyles may require individuals to change long
standing behaviours that have become habitual and may involve addictions
- Second, people need to have certain cognitive resources such as the
knowledge and skills, to know what health behaviours to adopts, to make plans
for changing existing behaviour, and to overcome obstacles to change
- Third, individuals need sufficient self efficacy regarding their ability to carry out
the change
- Fourth, being sick or taking certain drugs can affect people’s moods and energy
levels, which may affect their cognitive resources and motivation
- Many social factors influence people’s likelihood to adopt health related
behaviours
- People living in a family system may encounter problems in their efforts to
promote wellness
- Some problems come about because the family is composed of individuals with
their own motivations and habits
- The larger community faces an enormous array of problems in trying to prevent
illness and injury
- People’s health insurance may not cover preventive medical services
- Among the most difficult problems communities face is trying to balance public
health and economic priorities
2. What Determines People’s Health Related Behaviour
A) General Factors In Health Related Behaviour
- Heredity: genetic factors influence some health related behaviours
- People learn heath related particularly by way of operant condition, whereby
behaviour changes because of its consequences
- Reinforcement: when we do something that brings a pleasant, wanted, or
satisfying consequence, the tendency to repeat that behaviour is increased or
reinforced
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Document Summary

Ch. 6 october 16: problems in promoting wellness. The process of preventing illness and injury can be thought of as operating as a system, in which the individual, his or her family, health professionals, and the community play a role. According to this perspective, many interrelated factors and problems can impair the influence of each component in the system, and each component affects each other. Many people perceive some healthful behaviours as less appealing or convenient than their unhealthy alternatives. First, adopting wellness lifestyles may require individuals to change long standing behaviours that have become habitual and may involve addictions. Second, people need to have certain cognitive resources such as the knowledge and skills, to know what health behaviours to adopts, to make plans for changing existing behaviour, and to overcome obstacles to change. Third, individuals need sufficient self efficacy regarding their ability to carry out the change.

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