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PSYC 3310 (64)
Chapter 6

PSYC 3310 Chapter 6: chapter 6

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PSYC 3310
Jennifer Bazar

Chapter 6 Substantiated balance of evidence indicating whether or not abuse had occurred Sexual abuse just over 1 quarter of these allegations were substantiated by the investigating worker fewer than for the other forms of child maltreatment (ex. physical abuse, neglect, emotional maltreatment) Very young victims often incapable of reporting abuse Young children may also not interpret sexual exploitation as abuse Children of any age may fear retaliation if they tell anyone about the crime Reported Memories of Young Children Very young kids (especially under the age of 5) sometimes have difficulty distinguishing between real and imagined events Ability to encode, retrieve, store info is not fully developed in young kids Risk of eliciting inaccurate reports of what happened is much greater when a young child is interviewed using suggestive or biased questioning methods Problematic Interviewing Techniques Anatomically detailed doll occasionally used to help kids show investigators what type of sexual abuse may have been perpetrated against them Some research indicates that dolls can increase the number of false allegations of sexual abuse from children under the age of 5 1980s and early 90s Children subjected to highly suggestive and coercive questioning Interviewers began interview with strong belief about what had occurred Interviewers then used a variety of questioning techniques that made it likely that their pre existing suspicions would be confirmed Repeated questioning Questions suggesting that particular events had occurred Offering praise or rewards for desired answers Criticizing or disagreeing with kids who gave unwanted answers Inviting kids to speculate or imagine what had happened By simply repeating the question the interviewer may signal to the child that denial is unacceptable and so the child will eventually change their answer to please the interviewer New info provided by an adult interviewers repeated questions is likely to be incorporated into the childs description of an event Positive social approval when kids make disclosures, negative consequences when they remained silent or denied abuse some of the children are saying that bad things happened at daycare, we just want to know if anything bad happened to you this kind of statement is a highly suggestive component of an
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