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PSYC 3310 (64)
Chapter 11

PSYC 3310 Chapter 11: Chapter 11

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PSYC 3310
Jennifer Bazar

Chapter 11 Penal Philosophy The early days of crime and punishment were harsh, punishments were quite severe and often meted out by the public Locals who were judged guilty of crimes were usually subjected to public shaming Stocks retains offender by wrist and neck Public cage left on display for hours Some tied to a post and publicly flogged (whipped) or branded (hot metal) Justice was not equal those who were wealthy or wellconnected were often permitted to pay a fine to avoid stocks or flogging 1800s prisons built in Canada, with the construction of the Kingston Penitentiary (1835) All were max security, emphasized strict order and routine; rule of silence and productive labour was enforced, solitary confinement was common First Penitentiary Act creation of federal penitentiary system for offenders sentenced to 2+ years Great depression prison overcrowding and inmate strikes, prompted the Archambault Royal Commission of Inquiry (1938) emphasized crime prevention and the rehabilitation of offenders, recommended complete revision of penitentiary regulations (overshadowed by WW2 recommendations werent implemented until they were raised again in a report in 1956) Responding to same conditions prison overcrowding, inmate riots Fauteaux Reports key recommendations: creation of a system of parole, help inmates successfully reenter society Parole releasing of inmates from prison under the supervision of a parole officer before their entire sentence has been served Prior to the report, parole had only been used inside institutions to encourage good behaviour Parole act was passed and the National Parole Board was created to oversee all federal offenders Other changes: vocational and educational training for inmates, new and better trained personnel (psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers) th Latter half of 20 century general focus on prisoners reintegration back into society and an examination of how best to achieve this goal Range of alternative sentencing options introduced in 2006
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