Textbook Notes (368,124)
Canada (161,662)
York University (12,802)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 3310 (64)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13.docx

7 Pages
76 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3310
Professor
Gwen Jenkins
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 13 – Child Custody Decisions: Extent of the Problem:  Parents who kidnap tend to have strong ties with kids, view other parent as incompetent, doubt ability of child-protection agencies/courts to render justice  Men majority of abductors What Roles Can Psychologists Play?:  Can work with 1 member of family, couple together, or kids Marriage Counsellor:  If couple sought help for marriage, but then decides divorce, counsellor shouldn’t be given responsibility of advising judge about best custody arrangements for kids  Reason is it creates conflict of interest, psychologist would have dual relationship o Has had therapeutic rel with couple, now asked to be objective evaluator of personalities/lifestyles  Ethical principles dictate matters revealed in privacy of counselling rel should remain there Mediator:  If cant agree on custody, have mediation as alternative to litigation  Mediation has several attractions: o More informal, rules of evidence don’t have to be allowed, court personnel/adversarial lawyers aren’t present  However specially trained lawyers may serve as mediators o Sessions usually held in private, proceedings are confidential o Participants in mediation more satisfied with process/outcome than those who use courts o Cases settled quickly than if go through court  Psychs/lawyers can be Ms  Allocation of material recourse in divorce have implications for child custody  M is to try and help parties resolve diffs through agreement  Explores options with couple, safe environ for communication  Mediator can distinguish between demands/needs, examination of underlying needs can sometimes resolve disputes  Provides opportunity in less charged atmosphere to discuss and things will be divided, custody structured, visitation implemented  Process may increase emotional acceptance of divorce by 2 parties  May establish atmosphere that helps former spouses establish new working rel that’s essential for co-parenting  Mediation harder if 1 parent is passive, in such families litigation may be necessary cuz mediator cant be advocate for 1 side  In high-conflict divorced may increase strength of association between parental/child problems Child Therapist:  Cant be evaluator eg of kids rel with 1 parent  But can be fact witness [not expert], might testify about 1 parents commitment to is mental health while avoiding any recommendation about custody Court-Appointed Evaluator:  When custody of kid emerges as issue in divorce settlement, judge may ask clinical/counselling psych to serve as CAE o Make eval of/recommendation as to best custody arrangement  In making custody order, must look to best interests of kid o Relevant issues – health/emotional well-being of kid, love affection between parent/kid, kids education, parents capacity to look after, views of kid [typically more as they get older]  Judge makes ultimate determination, but rarely consult psychs  Help judge by giving clinical impression about alliances/conflicts w/in family  Investigation of marital conflict might help in prediction of whether joint custody would work Expert Witness:  After providing eval to court, can be ExW  Sometimes hired by 1 side, not court Applied Researcher:  Provide research findings to guide judges Serving the Needs of 3 Different Types of Clients: The Children:  Help examine feelings about parents/divorce  Make best interests based on objective eval of variety of data The Parents:  In very few cases do the 2 parents contest custody, only few of these cases go to court  So those with whom psych interacts are extreme intense groups  Want vindication, and psych to be on their side not others The Judge:  Seek relevant info about family dynamic The Court-Appointed Evaluator Role: Standards for Resolution of Custody Disputes:  Until early 1900s only 1 person in family had legal rights [husband], kids were treated as property so automatically assigned to fathers The Best Interests of the Child Standard:  1970, placed interests of kid @ forefront  Treated as distinct person, individ rights in child custody proceedings  @ present, neither parent presumed to have superior right to kid  Factors judge may consider in reaching custody decision: o Health/emotional wellbeing of kid [special needs or care/treatment] o Views of child if appropriate o Love/affection/ similar ties that exist between kids and other persons o Education/training for kid o Capacity for each person to whom custody/guardianship may be granted to exercise those rights adequately  BI can t be equated with absence of harm  One of most significant factors will be rel of kid/parents The Tender-Years Doctrine:  Presumes best interest of all young kids regardless of gender and of girls @ any age are best
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3310

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit