PSYC 3410 Chapter Notes -Lev Vygotsky, Brief Psychotherapy, Middle Age

14 views6 pages
Published on 15 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Page:
of 6
B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 1
BRIEF THERAPY AS MLE
NAME
METHOD/
THEORY
INFO
MOVIES
/BOOKS
Milton
Erickson p
437
Brief Therapy
Several types of action orientated counseling
techniques. Involves Reframing, roles, pattern
interruption, storing, etc
Brief therapy allows therapist to become a collaborative
agent of change
Reverse
psychology
Clients do something counter to what they would
normally do. Erikson used “words” in a parsimonious
way to change behavior regardless of etiology.
Feuerstein
&
associates
pg438
MLE- minimalist
approach
-Other atheoretical modes of brief therapy have
evolved but they are all share features with Feuerstein
MLE.
-MLE transactional process in communication
between a teacher (parent) & a learner. Teacher
selects, frames, sequences, explains, interprets, analysis
& enhances the stimuli/info transmitted to the Learner.
-Involves- assigning meaning, Intentionality, reciprocity
& transcendence to bring client to ‘higher ground’( as
Vygotsky says)
Reciprocity of comms & self-regulation of Learner.
-Underlying most Talk Therapies - Minimalist approach-
small changes.
-Solution-focus- empowers, de-problematizing.
- Remediation of self-labels & self-labels
STORYING
Foucault-
French
philosopher
Narrative trend in
therapy
Challenged society’s tendency to examine- reducing
individuals to case studies - Nos, labels measures, they
do not take into account the dysfunctional context
(society)
Michael
White &
Epson
pg438
Selected papers
Brief
“conventional”
Therapy
Cited Foucault.
Use a brand of brief conventional therapy to
externalize & objectify the problem & not the person
and exorcize it from them. Explore how problem is ‘kept
alive’ by agents, cultural practices & beliefs
Conversational narrative approach- guide clients to
accept the more +ve stories in their life, mediation of
+ve concls.
Therapist ‘Reauthor’ dominant stories- help clients
‘thicken’ the pref stories.
REFRAMES
Pg 439
Reframing
Used by many. Beyond holistic approach (which
considers the whole > than the parts)
B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 2
White
Says just part of the story can influence the whole
Bateson
Selection
Evolution & selection of human personal experiences
Duval
Frames stories in a positive way
Goleman
EQ
This is similar to view that EQ is more useful the IQ
Martin
Seligman
Optimistic frames
Building optimistic frames = success
Albert Ellis
Musterbations
-Irrational self-statements & habits of thinking
Reframes cognitive distortions e.g. do not have to be
approved by all. Appeals to logical thinking- CT Therapy
ROLES
Transactional
Analysis
Has client see that behavior fits into different ego
states- adult, child or parent. Goal client is able to
differentiate when b & comms are in a particular state.
Can e.g. avoid hooks of children pulling them into
arguments.
BOOK by
Freeds
‘TA for
kids’
PATTERN
INTERRUPTION
Behavior-orientated way of dealing with client- exp
alternative ways of responding= soft b. mod less
orthodox.
Reward or punishment. Has been used on Autistic
children. Some abuses = Hollywood’s reaction against
these practices = movie
MOVIE
“A
Clockwork
Orange”
Stanley
Kubrick
Dreikurs &
ass
Democratic
decision making
Called pattern interruption methods “logical
consequences & natural consequences.
Also asked children insightful qtns about the roles they
play & tried to break the role playing pattern
Schwartz
Reunification
Theory of psyc
- All Pych phenomena are thought to reside on different
planes of existence
Diverse types of mediation reach molecular, molar &
existential domains
Pervin
Dodo bird effect
All therapy modes are effectively equal
White
Pg 440
UTILIZATION
In Australia- Whites used cultural aspects as grounded
counseling-
White is gifted at shaping therapeutic discourse around
clients personality
Duval
UTILIZATION
Uses language, tone of voice, gestures, pace metaphors
& client beliefs to gauge & meet client where they are
at
Utilization resists laying on of foreign concepts
Uses natural or indigenous systems
Feuerstein
Adaptation
Mediation improves intelligence = adaptation to
surroundings/context in life
Pg 441
SFA & SIA
Good e.g. of intentionality - resemble a teaching
process
Strength is educative/ characteristics
Both unique & self-contained models
Walter &
Peller
SFA
Solution focused approach to brief therapy
BOOK-Becoming solution focused in Brief Therapy
BOOK
Walter
B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 3
Also an interpersonal coping skills program.
Emphasized distinctions among interventions
a) Teaching
b) Supportive counseling
c) psychotherapeutic
SFA
Walter &
Peller
Pg 445-6
BACKGROUND OF
SFA
Shift away from medical model based on linear
causality=All problems have a cause- etiology & to solve
problem
Medical = problem oriented-structuralism. SFA =
solution oriented
12 working assumptions of SFA
1. Advantages of +ve focus : Focus on successes or
exceptions
2. Exceptions suggest solutions
3. Nothing is the same- problem can be changed
4. Small change is generative- encourages realistic
changes
5. Cooperation is inevitable- dismisses denial &
resistance- assumes all want to improve
6. People are resourceful- “don’t work harder
than the client ( Duvall)
7. Construction of meaning
8. Recursiveness- evaluation of meaning
9. Meaning is in the response- for the recipient
10. The client is the expert- therapist is the
assistant
11. Unity- solution in one area of life is contagious-
transcendence
12. Treatment group membership-does not ascribe
cause to a unit eg dysfunctional
marriage/family
Christensen
& L. Pass
SIA
Social Interactional Approach
A Social Interaction Approach to Counseling & Psych
BOOK
Luther trained by Feuerstein & Lazowski trained by
Christiansen intentionality consumer oriented &
meaning in daily therapy
SFA & SIA both indicative of MLE i.e. teaching
endeavors. Action-oriented approaches. Reassign
meaning to info. Taught meaning of basic CTP concepts
and basic Psych. Aggressive therapies based on
outcome in short period = affordable.
Christensen
& Pass pg
442-444
Background of SIA
Influenced by Client centered therapy, social learning &
Cognitive theories. A form of reframing- cognitive
restructuring
Spivack
Platt
Social problem
solving model
SIA is Close to the Social problem-solving oriented
model

Document Summary

B r i e f t h e r a p y a s m l e : p a g e | 1. Brief therapy allows therapist to become a collaborative agent of change. Clients do something counter to what they would normally do. Erikson used words in a parsimonious way to change behavior regardless of etiology. Other atheoretical modes of brief therapy have evolved but they are all share features with feuerstein. Mle transactional process in communication between a teacher (parent) & a learner. & enhances the stimuli/info transmitted to the learner. & transcendence to bring client to higher ground"( as. Underlying most talk therapies - minimalist approach- small changes. Challenged society"s tendency to examine- reducing individuals to case studies - nos, labels measures, they do not take into account the dysfunctional context (society) Use a brand of brief conventional therapy to externalize & objectify the problem & not the person and exorcize it from them.