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PSYC 3410 (14)

Brief Therapy as MLE Summury_JeanK_Nov2012.docx

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York University
PSYC 3410
Michael Luther

B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 1 BRIEF THERAPY AS MLE NAME METHOD/ INFO MOVIES THEORY /BOOKS Milton Brief Therapy Several types of action orientated counseling Erickson p techniques. Involves Reframing, roles, pattern 437 interruption, storing, etc Brief therapy allows therapist to become a collaborative agent of change Reverse Clients do something counter to what they would psychology normally do. Erikson used “words” in a parsimonious way to change behavior regardless of etiology. Feuerstein MLE- minimalist -Other atheoretical modes of brief therapy have & approach evolved but they are all share features with Feuerstein associates MLE. pg438 -MLE –transactional process in communication between a teacher (parent) & a learner. Teacher selects, frames, sequences, explains, interprets, analysis & enhances the stimuli/info transmitted to the Learner. -Involves- assigning meaning, Intentionality, reciprocity & transcendence to bring client to ‘higher ground’( as Vygotsky says) Reciprocity of comms & self-regulation of Learner. -Underlying most Talk Therapies - Minimalist approach- small changes. -Solution-focus- empowers, de-problematizing. - Remediation of self-labels & self-labels STORYING Foucault- Narrative trend in Challenged society’s tendency to examine- reducing French therapy individuals to case studies - Nos, labels measures, they philosopher do not take into account the dysfunctional context (society) Michael Selected papers Cited Foucault. White & Brief Use a brand of brief conventional therapy to Epson “conventional” externalize & objectify the problem & not the person pg438 Therapy and exorcize it from them. Explore how problem is ‘kept alive’ by agents, cultural practices & beliefs Conversational narrative approach- guide clients to accept the more +ve stories in their life, mediation of +ve concls. Therapist ‘Reauthor’ dominant stories- help clients ‘thicken’ the pref stories. REFRAMES Pg 439 Reframing Used by many. Beyond holistic approach (which considers the whole > than the parts) B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 2 White Says – just part of the story can influence the whole Bateson Selection Evolution & selection of human personal experiences Duval Frames stories in a positive way Goleman EQ This is similar to view that EQ is more useful the IQ Martin Optimistic frames Building optimistic frames = success Seligman Albert Ellis Musterbations -Irrational self-statements & habits of thinking Reframes cognitive distortions e.g. do not have to be approved by all. Appeals to logical thinking- CT Therapy ROLES Transactional Has client see that behavior fits into different ego BOOK by Analysis states- adult, child or parent. Goal client is able to Freeds differentiate when b & comms are in a particular state. ‘TA for Can e.g. avoid hooks of children pulling them into kids’ arguments. PATTERN Behavior-orientated way of dealing with client- exp MOVIE INTERRUPTION alternative ways of responding= soft b. mod less “A orthodox. Clockwork Reward or punishment. Has been used on Autistic Orange” children. Some abuses = Hollywood’s reaction against Stanley these practices = movie Kubrick Dreikurs & Democratic Called pattern interruption methods “logical ass decision making consequences & natural consequences. Also asked children insightful qtns about the roles they play & tried to break the role playing pattern Schwartz Reunification - All Pych phenomena are thought to reside on different Theory of psyc planes of existence Diverse types of mediation reach molecular, molar & existential domains Pervin Dodo bird effect All therapy modes are effectively equal White UTILIZATION In Australia- Whites used cultural aspects as grounded Pg 440 counseling- White is gifted at shaping therapeutic discourse around clients personality Duval UTILIZATION Uses language, tone of voice, gestures, pace metaphors & client beliefs to gauge & meet client where they are at Utilization resists laying on of foreign concepts Uses natural or indigenous systems Feuerstein Adaptation Mediation improves intelligence = adaptation to surroundings/context in life Pg 441 SFA & SIA Good e.g. of intentionality - resemble a teaching process Strength is educative/ characteristics Both unique & self-contained models Walter & SFA Solution focused approach to brief therapy BOOK Peller BOOK-Becoming solution focused in Brief Therapy Walter B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 3 Also an interpersonal coping skills program. SFA Emphasized distinctions among interventions a) Teaching b) Supportive counseling c) psychotherapeutic Walter & BACKGROUND OF Shift away from medical model based on linear Peller SFA causality=All problems have a cause- etiology & to solve problem Medical = problem oriented-structuralism. SFA = solution oriented 12 working assumptions of SFA Pg 445-6 1. Advantages of +ve focus : Focus on successes or exceptions 2. Exceptions suggest solutions 3. Nothing is the same- problem can be changed 4. Small change is generative- encourages realistic changes 5. Cooperation is inevitable- dismisses denial & resistance- assumes all want to improve 6. People are resourceful- “don’t work harder than the client ( Duvall) 7. Construction of meaning 8. Recursiveness- evaluation of meaning 9. Meaning is in the response- for the recipient 10. The client is the expert- therapist is the assistant 11. Unity- solution in one area of life is contagious- transcendence 12. Treatment group membership-does not ascribe cause to a unit eg dysfunctional marriage/family Christensen SIA Social Interactional Approach BOOK & L. Pass “A Social Interaction Approach to Counseling & Psych” Luther trained by Feuerstein & Lazowski trained by Christiansen – intentionality – consumer oriented & meaning in daily therapy SFA & SIA – both indicative of MLE i.e. teaching endeavors. Action-oriented approaches. Reassign meaning to info. Taught meaning of basic CTP concepts and basic Psych. Aggressive therapies – based on outcome in short period = affordable. Christensen Background of SIA Influenced by Client centered therapy, social learning & & Pass pg Cognitive theories. A form of reframing- cognitive 442-444 restructuring Spivack Social problem SIA is Close to the Social problem-solving oriented Platt solving model model B r i e f T h e r a p y a s M L E : P a g e | 4
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