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Chapter 7

Evolutionary Psychology Chapter 7

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3420
Professor
Irwin Silverman
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter7 SheperandTiger’sstudyonwomeninkibbutzfoundthat ________exertedmorepreferences -women Givencostsofparentalcarethereproductivebenefitsmust be_________-largetooutweighcosts InTinbergen’sobservationofnestingbirdsonlythe hypothesisof__________recievedsupport-protectionfrom predators Theveryphenomenonof_________hasbaffled psychologistsatatheoritcallevel-parentallove Theideaoffemalescaringmoreforoffspringscanbe explainedby_________-paternityuncertaintiyhypothesis andmatingopportunitycostshypothesis _______throughouttheanimalkingdoare100percentsure oftheirgeneticcontributiontotheiroffspring-mothers Mothersaresurethattheiroffspringwillcontatin _______percento fhergenes-50 Theproblemofpaternityuncertaintyfromamale perspectivethat-thereissomeprobabilitythatanothermale hasfertilizedthefemaleseggs Paternityuncertaintyisstrongestinspecieswith_________- internalfemalefertilization _________are costsmissedadditionalmatingasresultof effortdevotedtooffspring-matingopportunities _________suffermatingopportunitycosts -femalesand males thematingopportunitycostsarehigherfor_______andwill belesslikelythanfemalestotakeonparentalcare-males Whentheopportunitycostsmalessufferfrommissing matingsarelowtheconditionswouldbe_______favorable fortheevolutionofparentalcare-more Menwillbemorelikelytoinvestinchildrenwherethereisa surplusof _________butwillbemorenegligentofchildren whenthereisasurplus__________-men;women ________parentalmechanismsfavorsomeoffspringover others-parentalfavortitism Evolvedmechanismofparentalcareshouldbesensitiveto threecontexts-geneticrelatedness,abilitiyofoffspringto convertparentalcareintofitness,alternativeuseofthe resourcesthatmightbeavailabletoinvestinoffspring _______willcarelessforoffsprings -substituteparents Parentalloveandresourcesaresubstantially__________to bedirectedtowardchildrenbystepparents-lesslikely Amanhasatleasttwosourcesinformationthatheisthe geneticfather_________-info abtpartnerssexualfidelity andperceptionsofchildsresemblancetohim Mothersshouldbemotivatedtopromoteaputativefathers certaintyofpaternityby___________-remarkingonthe newbornssimiliaritytohim Mothersremarksabouttheresemblancetothefatherwere _______asfrequentasherremarksaboutthebabys resembelancetoher-fourtimes Thebiasinmothers’remarksaboutresemblancetothefather __________reflectactualresemblance -donot Menwhosawphotosoftheirchildrenmorphedinto resemblemorelike______showedthattheywouldspend moretimewiththischild,investmoremoneyinthischild- them Fmriscansshowthat_________showgreatercorticial activitywhenshownimagesofchildrensfacesthatresemble theirown-men Menwhoratedchildrenasnotlookinglikethemwere ________likelytoinflictsevereph ysicalinjuriesonthem- more Threeevolutionaryanthropolggistsevaluatedtheeffectsof menspaternityuncertaintyontheirinvestmentinchildrens collegeeducationaccordingtothreepredictions-menwill allocatemoreresourcestotheirgeneticchildren,men uncertainwhetherchildrenaregeneticallytheirownwill investless,menwillinvestmoreinchildrenwhenthechilds motheristheircurrentmate Geneticchildrenwere_________morelikelytoreceive somemoney-5.5times Childrenoffatherswithlowpaternitycertaintywereonly ________aslikelytoreceiveanymoneyatallforcollege - 13percent Thepredictionthat_____________appliestobothgenetic childrenandstepchildren-meninvestmoreinchildrenwhen childsmotheristheircurrentmate Theprediction_________________followsdirectlyfromthe evolutionarytheoryofparentalcareandinparticularfrom thepremiseofgeneticrelatedness-menallocateresourcesto geneticallownchildrenandinvestlessinchildrentheyare uncertainarethereown AstudyofFrenchfamiliesfoundthatfathersofchildren whosefacesresembledtheirownreportedbeingmore ________-emotionallclose Mothersfacialresemblancetothechildwas_________to howemotionallyclosetheyfelt-unrelated AstudyofDutchmenfoundthatfathersshowmore affectionandattachmenttochildrenwho________-smell theycanrecognize _______and________maybetwocuesthatmenuseto gaugepaternity-facialresemblanceandodorrecognition InMarlowsstudyoftheHadzaofTanzaniahefoundthat _______stepfatherdirectlyplayedwithstepchildren-notone Inclusivefitnesstheoryshows_________wouldbea predictorofinfanticide-geneticrelatedness Accrodingtotheinclusivefitnesstheorythe _______geneticallyrelatedtheadulttothechildthehigher theprobabilityofinfanticide-less Datashowsthatchildrenlivingwithonegeneticparentand onestep parentare_________morelikelytobephysicaly abusedandincreasesinpoverty-40times Therateofabuseinstepfamiliesare_________across differentlevelsofsocioeconomicstatus-same AccordingtoDalyandWilson_________remainsthesingle mostpowerfulriskfactorforchildabusethathasyetbeen identified-stepparenthood Theratesforchildmurderarehigherfor_________-step parents Theriskforchildmurderishighestforchildren__________ -agetwooryounger Crossculturaldataonchildabuseandhomicideasafunction ofstepparenthood are______-sparse ____________contendstha twomenwillhaveevolved adaptationsthatincreasetheoddsthattheirchildrenwill survive-primarycaretakerhypothesis Femaleinterestininfantspeakedin___________- childhoodandadolescence ________betteratrecognizinginfantfacialexpression of emotionandhavefasterreactiontimestorecognizing emotionalfacialexpressions-women
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