Five-factor model (ffm): openness to experience imaginative/practical + independent/conforming, conscientiousness organized/disorganized + careful/careless, extraversion sociable/retiring + fun loving/sober, agreeableness soft-hearted/ruthless + trusting/suspicious, neuroticism anxious/calm + insecure/secure. Gang members high in n and low in a. Shyness: exhibited as early as age 2, fear/inhibition when encountering others. Shy brains have heightened bilateral activity in amygdala. Social anxiety (disorder): embarrassment/apprehension when anticipating/interacting w/ other ppl. When coupled with fear it becomes social anxiety disorder. Affects 5% of adults (more women) & 6-7% of canadians. Stress: general adaptation syndrome (gas): stress is the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it. Experience sampling: asks participants to record thoughts, emotions, behaviour @ the time they experience it. Attachment style: basic cognitive, emotional, & behavioural orientation when in a relationship w/ others. Dimensions = anxiety abt relationships + avoidance of closeness/dependency w/ others. Need for affiliation tend to join more groups and spend more time in them.