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Chapter 5

PSYC 3430 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Structural Cohesion, Collective Effervescence

Course Code
PSYC 3430
Peter K Papadogiannis

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Equifinality = final state can be reached from different paths
Social Cohesion: determined by how much the members like each other & the group itself
Collective Efficacy: members’ shared beliefs tht they can accomplish all the components of their groups tasks efficiently
Group Potency: generalized positive expectation abt the groups chances for success
-High potency groups ten to outperform their less potent counterparts
*Collective Cohesive groups use words like family and words involving ‘we’ to describe their group – higher
collectiveness = higher entitativity
Collective effervescence: sharing of emotional reactions within a group
Group Affective Tone: members emotions and moods become synchronized
Relational Cohesion theory: members develop strong ties to groups that are perceived as sources of positivity
2 PRIMARY FORMS OF COHESION: Task Cohesion and Social Cohesion
Successive Stage Models: groups move through a series of separable stages as they develop
Cyclical Models: groups repeatedly cycle thru phases during their lifetimes, rather then in ordered stages.
5 Stage Model of Group Development:
Forming (orientation)
Storming (conflict) fight or flight
Norming (structure development)
Performing (work)
Adjourning (dissolution/ending)- can be stressful even when planned
Equilibrium Model of group development (Bales): members strive to maintain a balance b/w finishing task & enhancing
quality of interpersonal relationships (back and forth of norming & performing)
Punctuated Equilibrium Models: groups often go thru periods of rapid change (can be triggered by barometric events:
incidents that shift interpersonal dynamics in the group)
*Increases in COHESION associated w/ increases in PERFORMANCE* and is strongest in bona fide groups, correlational
studies, smaller groups, sports teams, & project-focused teams
Cognitive Dissonance:when an individ. holds 2 conflicting cognitions.
Caron’s model of cohesion (4 antecedents):
1. Environmental ex. social pressures
2. Personal ex. gender, race, age
3. Leadership leadership style
4. Team Factors ex. shared experiences of the group, stability of the group (open vs. closed groups), norms, roles
(structural cohesion)
Dimensions of Perceived Team Cohesion
1. Individual Attraction to the Group Task (ATG) - Members feelings about involvement with group task.
2. Individual Attraction to the Group Social (ATG-S) -Regard for acceptance and interaction with the group
3. Group Integration Task (GI-T) - Member’s feelings about achieving group task
4. Group Integration Social (GI-S) - Member’s feelings about the group as a social unit.
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