Textbook Notes (363,453)
Canada (158,372)
York University (12,359)
Psychology (3,543)
PSYC 3430 (63)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5.pdf

17 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
PSYC 3430
Peter K Papadogiannis

Chapter 5 Cohesion The nature of cohesion CohesionMost theoretically importance conceptOnly comes about if a group existsSignals the health of a groupCohesive group will more likely prosper over time because it retains members and allows them to reach goals that would elude a more incoherent aggregateGroup that doesnt have cohesion is at risk because if too many members drift away the group wont surviveKnowing more about cohesion facilitates understanding things like productivity member satisfaction and turnover morale formation stability influence and conflicts of groups Components of cohesionCohesive groups are unified and morale is highMembers enjoy interacting with one another and remain in the group for prolonged period of time o PROBLEM what about other groups ones where group members are all friends but have no commitment the group as a whole or groups where members dont feel emotionally connected to one group anymore but still feel proud of their group o RESPONSE cohesiveness takes many different forms and fulfills many functions that theorists have complained that the concept ironically lacks cohesionCohesion is not a simple unitary process but a multicomponent process with a variety of indicatorsAs a result there is no such thing as a typical cohesive group Nor is there a single theory of cohesion that group experts agree properly identifies the core components of cohesion o ie some stress strength of bonds between members whereas others emphasize emotional intensity REFER to table on next page for various definitions of cohesionFour interrelated process that serve as glues which hold groups togetherareo Social relations task relations perceived unity and emotions o CLUE to remember STPE some trucks park everywhere Social CohesionLewinFestingerBig names in this theory are Kurt Lewin and Leon FestingerLewin defined term cohesion to describe the forces that keep groups intact by pushing members together as well as the countering forces that push them apartFestinger stressed social forces that bind individuals together o He defined group cohesion the total field of forces which act on members to remain in the groupIn measuring cohesion they focused on attraction more than any other force o Groups asked to identify all their good friends and calculated the ratio of ingroup choices to outgroup choicesThe greater the ratio the greater was the cohesiveness of the group o Attraction between individuals is a basic ingredient for most groups but when these relations intensify and proliferate throughout the group they can transform a conjoined group into a cohesive one
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3430

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.