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PSYC 3480 (233)
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Chapter 10

PSYC 3480 Chapter 10: chapter 10
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3480
Professor
Vas.Valoo

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Chapter 10 • Glass escalator- men are likely to earn more and germ promoted faster than women in a female dominated field • Glass ceiling- invisible barriers that prevent qualified women and people of color from upward mobility in their occupation o A limited availability of mentors for women contributes to the glass ceiling. • Concrete ceiling- invisible barriers that prevent ethnic minority women from advancing beyond a certain level • Glass cliff- A position that involves leading a unit that is in crisis and has a high risk of failure o women who pass the glass ceiling are more likely than men to be assigned to this position • Sticky floors- in traditional women jobs women are less likely to have little or no job ladder or path to higher job position • Maternal wall- some women get assigned to a less desirable, lower salaries and more limited advancement opportunities once they become mothers • Mentors contribute to the job satisfaction of their mentees. • Some men are reluctant to mentor young women, fearing gossip or claims of harassment. • Patronizing behaviour- is a workplace behaviour in which the supervisors praise subordinates but withhold raises and promotions o Has more negative affect on female workers than men • Transactional - A style of leadership that focuses on the individual power of the leader • Transformational leadership- sets high standards and both mentors and empowers her subordinates • Women are rated as more effective than men in communication skills and providing feedback • Black women earn slightly more than similarly educated White women because: o They are more likely to hold two jobs o They are more likely to return to the work force earlier after having a child o Employees in some fields may give extra financial incentives to hire young Black professional women • the salary difference cannot fully be explained by differences in educational experience and investment of time. • The decision of whether to disclose a lesbian or bisexual identity in the workplace can be difficult because disclosure an lead to discrimination Chapter 10 ESSAY QUESTIONS 1. Give possible explanations for the increase in women’s labor force participation. • The womens movement provided encouragement for women to consider other role options in addition to homemaker roles • High level of education attainment has better prepated them for careers that provide greater challenge, stimulation and a sense of accomplishment (High level of EDU= more likely to be employed, and return to work faster after giving birth) • Financial reason  in working class families two incomes are needed to remain above the poverty line 2. Discuss gender differences in occupational distribution. • There is a lower rate of female employees in “hard hat” occupations: construction, installation, maintenance and repair • Whereas the 20 work forces that have higher rate of women are mainly in fields of health care, office, administrative work teaching and caring for young children • There has been a decrease in the occupational segration in the past 35 years • Women have increased their numbers n both managerial and professional jobs and hold half of those positions • There are more part time jobs now (less benefit) and more women are doing those because of the flexible hours • 3. Define the glass ceiling. Also, discuss specific barriers to women’s advancement. • Glass ceiling- invisible barriers that prevent qualified women and people of color from upward mobility in their occupation i. A limited availability of mentors for women contributes to the glass ceiling. • Concrete ceiling- invisible barriers that prevent ethnic minority women from advancing beyond a certain level • Glass cliff- A position that involves leading a unit that is in crisis and has a high risk of failure o women who pass the glass ceiling are more likely than men to be assigned to this position • Sticky floors- in traditional women jobs women are less likely to have little or no job ladder or path to higher job position • Maternal wall- some women get assigned to a less desirable, lower salaries
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