PSYC 3480 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8-10: Breast Pain, Doula, Breastfeeding

29 views7 pages
Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3480
Professor
Psych of Women Textbook Notes
Chapter 8: Love Relationships
Romantic Love intense attachments formed between people who are in love
Dating two people romantically involved and spending a lot of time together
North American Research
Young people = value physical attributes
Older people = value compatibility with partner
Study done by Regan and Berschied (1997) found:
- Men and women emphasize physical attractiveness in regards to a sexual partner; although
men rank physical attractiveness as number one
- In regards to marriage partner both men and women value honesty, good personality and
intelligence; women value financial status more than men
Studies done by Urbaniak and Kilan (2003) and Burn and Ward (2005) found:
- Women and men value warm, romantic, kind, sensitive and sense of humor in partner
- Females prefer men who say they are (kind, attentive and do not go for mucho things)-
females more satisfied with their partner if they were low in traditionally masculine
characteristics
Cross-Cultural Research
Study between U.S., Russia and Japan found:
- Women in all three countries emphasize financial prospects in spouse more likely than
men; men in all three countries are more likely to emphasize physical attractiveness
Evolutionary-Psychology Approach = various species gradually change over the course of many
generations so that they can adapt better to their environment
Men and women have an evolutionary advantage if they success in passing on their genes to
next generation
Men should prefer young, attractive, healthy-looking women because those are the most fertile
and can pass on the manes genes to the next generation; this does not have to do with
preference for physical attractiveness
Women must make sure that their children are provided with financial services = women look
for reliable men with good incomes
Culture had little effect on gender differences in mate selection
Feminist object to this approach
The Social-Roles Approach = men and women occupy different social roles; are socialized differently
and experience different social opportunities and social disadvantages
Men and women are equally interested in long-term relationships
In countries where women have limited educational and financial opportunities they prefer
high-income men; whereas in countries where women do not experience this they do not,
therefore culture does affect mate preference
Gender Comparisons
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Women experience a wider range of both positive and negative emotions in relationships
rather than men
Research suggests that women perform more (relationship-maintenance work)
Men and women are both more satisfied with love relationship if it is based on friendship
Relationships based on friendship last long and both have a better understanding
Men and women both more satisfied if both partners express their emotions
Mena and women with feminist partners report greater sexual satisfaction and more stable
relationships
Breakups
Study suggests that men and women report similar negative emotions and guilt
- Women and men both more likely to blame themselves
- Equally likely to take alcohol and drugs after breakup
- Men more likely to try to distract themselves after breakup
- Women somewhat more likely than men to blame their partner
Women feel more joy and relief after breakups
Marriage and Divorce
Women significantly more likely than men to anticipate getting married
Average ages in Canada to get married are 28 = women; 30= men
Women more likely than men to wish they can change some aspects of their marriage
Traditional marriage = husband is more dominant than wife, both partners participate in
traditional gender roles
Egalitarian Marriage = both partners share power equally, without traditional gender roles
Marriage and Women of Colour
1. Latinas
- Machismo = belief that men must show their manhood by being strong, sexual and violent,
dominant over women in relationships; men should not do housework
- Marianismo = belief that women must be chaste until marriage, must be passive and long-
suffering; giving up own needs to help husband and children based on catholic
representation of Virgin Mary
2. Black Women
- Black couples more egalitarian than couples from other ethnic backgrounds
3. Asian American Women
- When people emigrate they are likely to encounter conflict between traditional customs
from their home country to the contemporary gender roles in North America
Divorce
Become more common; 4 times as high as it was in 1968
Highest rate of divorce is for blacks; lowest rate is for Asian Americans
Lowest for people who have completed college
Four aspects of divorce
A) Cohabitation and Divorce
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Romantic love intense attachments formed between people who are in love. Dating two people romantically involved and spending a lot of time together. Older people = value compatibility with partner. Study done by regan and berschied (1997) found: Men and women emphasize physical attractiveness in regards to a sexual partner; although men rank physical attractiveness as number one. In regards to marriage partner both men and women value honesty, good personality and intelligence; women value financial status more than men. Studies done by urbaniak and kilan (2003) and burn and ward (2005) found: Women and men value warm, romantic, kind, sensitive and sense of humor in partner. Females prefer men who say they are (kind, attentive and do not go for mucho things)- females more satisfied with their partner if they were low in traditionally masculine characteristics. Study between u. s. , russia and japan found:

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.