Textbook Notes (368,314)
Canada (161,809)
York University (12,845)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 3480 (233)
Chapter 1

Psychology for Women Chapter 1.docx

7 Pages
141 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3480
Professor
Noreen Stuckless
Semester
Winter

Description
Psychology for Women Chapter 1  Central concepts: o Sex:  narrow term; referring to those inborn biological makeup relating to reproduction; sex chromosomes and sex organs determinant o Gender:  Broader term; referring to psychological characteristics and social categories that human cultures create. o Doing gender:  We express our gender when we interact with other ppl;  We also perceive gender in these other ppl  Ex: you provide gender messages by your tone of voice, conversational style  EX: you are also likely to change ur response to male than females  Emphasizes that gender is an active dynamic process rather than something stable/rigid  Scope of social biases: o Sexism:  Should be genderism  Bias against ppl based on basis of their gender  Ex: ‘’women can’t be good lawyers’’  Many forms  Social behaviour  Media rep.  Job discrimination  Can be blatant, but also more subtle as using the word girl for a older woman  Usually one category is deemed normal while the other deficient  I.e.: racism is against certain ‘’deficient’’ groups  Sexism/ racism combine in complex ways  Classism: bias based on social class defined by income, occupation, education  Effects on ppls health and expected life span  Ableasim: bias against ppl who are disabled  Heterosexism: bias against lesbian, gay, bisexuals  Policies, legal system  Only male-female is ‘normal’ and therefore other have less rights  Ageism: bias on age, elderly  Hiring, insurance etc...  Feminist approaches: o Principle that women should be highly regarded as human beings o Belief that women’s ideas/ experiences valued and that o Should be same socially, economically, legally o Life of philosophy, worldview, blueprint for justice’ o Does not exclude men; they can be too o Feminism is high regard for women, not antagonism to men o Four different approaches to feminism:  1. Liberal:  Focuses on goal of gender equality, giving women and men same rights  Same in passing laws  Emphasize that gender differences are quite small; smaller if given same opportunities  Everyone benefits if reduce rigidity of cultures ‘gender roles  2. Cultural:  Emphasized positive qualities in women as opposed to men  Focuses on gender differences that value women higher  Society should be restructured to emphasize cooperation not aggression  3. Radical :  Basic cause of women’s oppression lies in the entire sex/gender system rather than in some superficial laws/policies  Emphasize that sexism permeates our society from personal level to national levels  Dramatic change policy on sexuality; violence changes absinth women  4. Women of colour:  Emphasize colour in the above 3 types...  Psychological approach to gender similarity/difference: o Usually favour similarities/difference o Similarity perspective:  Believe that men/women are generally similar in intellectual/social skills  Social forces may create temporary differences  Favour liberal feminism  Reduce gender roles and increasing rights will increase the similarities o Social constructionism  Individuals and cultures construct or invent own versions of reality based on experiences , social interactions and beliefs  Can never objectively discover reality because our observations will always influenced by our beliefs  We tend to perceive and think abt gender in a way that exaggerates the differences o Difference perspective:  Argues that men and women and very different in intellectual and social abilities  Emphasize women’s positive characteristics that have been undervalued  Care giving, better relationships  Essentialism:  gender is a basic, unchangeable characteristic that resides within an individual  ALL women share same psychological characteristics, diff from men  Psychological traits are universal  Occur in every culture  More concerned than men abt care giving because of inherent nature  History of psych for women o Some believed that academic work would be ‘developed at expense of reproductive power’  Early studies of gender comparisons: o Early research conducted with flagrant bias, unfounded assertions, drivel o Researchers of time fashioned in accordance to their biases o 1900’s Men and women has similar intellectual abilities; earned higher on some memory and thinking tasks o Argue that women and men should have equal access to college education o Menses had minute effects in intellectual abilities  Emergence of study: o Association for women in psych in 69, o Society for psych of women 73 largest division within APA o 70’s research expanded o Studying achievement, violence, sexual harassment, other topics which were ignored o 70’s problem: didn’t realize that gender was more complicated  Attributing to one factor tough  Women were sometimes blamed for own low status  1. Not assertive  2. Afraid of success  Trace problems to personality rather than stereotypes  Shifted to gender differences and discrimination/sexism o Today have journals and many articles o Today are increasingly aware that other things like race, social class come into play in gender  Women and ethnicity o White as normative view: white ppl take for granted o Believe that Latinos, Asian Americans are all part of ethnic groups, but European Americans are not o Black:  Constitute the third largest ethnic group in US  Differ in regards to residential community and family history o Asian:  Stere
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3480

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit