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PSYC 3480 (233)
Chapter 8

Psychology for Women Chapter 8..docx

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PSYC 3480
Noreen Stuckless

Psychology for Women Chapter 8 Dating and living together: o Ideal romantic partner o North American research: Depends on sexual partner or marriage partner Both emphasise physical attractiveness; men more likely to make this their highest rank Shift caused when searching for sex as opposed to marriage Gender differences small Both value honesty, personality, intelligence rd Men still put attraction as 3 most Extremely important in meeting ppl to be attracted on first impression Women more likely to emphasize financial status Both tend to see warm, romantic, kind, sensitive humour as a marriage partner More variation within each gender as opposed to between genders Women in college want nice as opposed to mach; more satisfied if lower in traditional masculinity o Cross cultural research: Most has been done on whites Indian marriages are orchestrated by parents; and as time goes may veto Young immigrants to NA; women advertised in newspapers Women more likely than men to want education, and financial prospects Men more likely to want attractiveness again Explanations for gender diffs in preference patterns: o Evolutionary-psychology approach: Various species gradually change over time so they can better adapt to environment I.e. both men and women have evo advantage if succeed in passing genes on Can explain why women have diff. Views on mates Men should be driven to find young attractive fertile women But studies show that mens looking into attractiveness is not fully in health issues and fertility Women try to find committed partners Children provide for, financial support Emphasize that culture has little influence on gender diffs. In mate selection Many feminists disagree with evo. And say they fail to pinpoint genetics for gender differences; also cant account for same gender relationships Men and women both want same long term-so how to explain that o Social roles approach: Regarded by feminists Men and women occupy diff social roles and therefore have ads and disadvantages to make a couple work I.e. women dont work as much for reason; therefore search for the voids Women are especially inclined for high incomes if they live in low educational cultures Where woman do earn and learn, they seek income less in partner Culture does affect mate preference; contrasting with evo 1. Gender diffs. In mate preference are not inevitable; depends on time 2. Diffs. In cultures mate preference is larger than mate preference between genders Characteristics of heterosexual love relationships: o Gender comparisons: Women and men emphasize diff. Aspects of love in romance Women more based on friendship, commitment, liking, satisfaction; however they report more sad emotions and hurt Women experience more range of both emotions in relationships Similarities are striking: Both like trust, care, honesty, respect Acting cheerful, showing love; women perform more however o Factors related to satisfaction with relationship: Ppl reporting friendship also report reciprocal understanding; last longer Women more likely to disclose personal info Both satisfied if both can disclose obviously; ppl truly prefer communicative mates Living together o Cohabitation: Unmarried ppl continuing a emotional and sexual relationship Common law; 13 %live not married Blacks and Latinas favour cohabitation more French Canadian chose cohabitation too st In more than half 1 marriages ppl lived together before Breaking up o Women and men reported same negative adverse affects o Women feel more relief o Woman may be less shocked at breakup o Equally to blame selves; likely to use alc o Men more likely to distract selves o Women more likely to blame other Marriage and divorce: o Marriage can be strength and joyo Marital satisfaction: o Satisfaction during various periods Bliss radiance when newlywed; 2 yrs after may ruin expectations Women resent housework, children etc... Marriage for 20+yrs are least satisfied with marriage; improves in next decade Parenting and economics big factor in changing of satisfaction stages o Gender comparisons in satisfaction: Once married women report more extreme emotions than do men; also depression Women more likely to not live up to their marital expectations; women more sensitive to problems in marriage Women are better at anticipating the problems in relationships o Characteristics of happy stable marriages: Both feel emotional needs filled, enriches e.o. Good communication Positive comments Conflict resolutions Trust Mutual support
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