Textbook Notes (363,062)
Canada (158,169)
York University (12,353)
Psychology (3,541)
PSYC 3480 (233)
Chapter 12

Psychology for Women Chapter 12.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
PSYC 3480
Noreen Stuckless

1 Psychology for Women Chapter 12 Women and Psychological disorders  Psych disorders-emotions thoughts and behaviours that are particularly maladaptive distressing to selves and different from social norm  Women more likely to suffer from both depression and eating disorders  More likely to seek therapy  Men more likely to have antisocial personality disorder- violate rights of others o Lying, impulsiveness, aggressiveness o They believe they’re perfect and world has problem o  Depression o Major depressive disorder:  Frequent episodes of hopelessness, low self esteem, lack of pleasure  WHO- one of the most (top 5) in world health threats o Women 2x more likely than men in lifetime, no differences found in youth o Puberty- women more than men  Characteristics of depression o 1.emotional symptoms- sad gloomy teary guilty irritable apathetic o 2.cognitive- inadequate, worthless, helpelesss,blame, pessimism, decision making o 3. Behavioural- cant do ordinary tasks, productivity down, sleep, neglection.attempt suicide, (men more likely to pull through)(women more likely to think of it) o 4. Physical- headaches, dizzy, fatigue, pain. Gain or weight loss o Most have an extreme sadness stage o Women with persistent bad depression often abuse substances, have anxiety too, eating o More likely to be depressed when children and low income or unhappily married o Low self esteem, traditional values, and little sense of self control contribute  Explanations for gender differences o Factors no longer relevant  Biochemical X chromosomes don’t explain differences o Seeking therapy  Women more likely t have and treat their own depression o Diagnostic biases in therapists 2  Over diagnosis in women—major depression to women; men less so  Under diagnose in men- stereotypes of toughness  Therapy may target a mans alcohol when the alc resulted from depression to start with o o General discrimination vs. women  Work, career, stereotypes, valuing achievements  Little control in life o Violence  Sexually, physically, relationships,  After rape usually get anxious/depressed o Poverty  High level associated with  Few choices/options  Surprising but more low incomers do not experience depression as much o Housework  Traditional role toll  2 jobs o Physical appearance  Eat n lose, media, models... o Women’s relationships  Women feel responsible for relationship path  Latinas especially self sacrificing  Overly involved in friends problems  Neglect own needs for others/spouses o Responses to depression  Development in childhood parenting of expression of feelings  Women more likely to turn inward and contemplating their cause for emotion in a ruminative style  Ppl believe women should see their sadness and worry more and do worry more than men...engrained stereotype becomes now belief  Ruminations prolong bad moods, negative biases, pessimism  Increases long term depression likelihood in women o Conclusions  Therapists able to help ruminative style in women,  But work relationships poverty cannot all be  Eating disorders and related problems 3 o Most NA women preoccupied with eating /appearance o Anorexia  Fear of becoming obese and refuses to maintain adequate body weight defined as 85% of expected weight  Distorted body image  95% female, up to 4% adolescent females  More common in whites  Usual ppl start a lil overweight, severe diet due to comment,  Some tend to be rigid perfectionists  Can cause Amenorrhea- cessation of menstrual periods  Can cause ling, heart, gi, kidney disorders  Osteoporosis  5-10% of anorexic die from it  Hard to treat; some already depressed to,  Early treatment 75% can recover o Bulimia  Maintain normal body weight; binge eating; prevents gains  Compensate huge food intakes  90$ female; college campus prevalence  Don’t stand out  Bulimia hard to treat cause depression and medical+psych disorders ties o Binge eating  2 episodes each week; for 6 weeks  Eat away; then depress guilt; vomit, laxatives, diets  Typically overweight  60% females  Don’t value thinness like other 2 disorders  Depress, self esteem,  Culture of thinness o Na thought that ppl are overweight when not o Media images  Often report media causes for anorexia  Magazines o Discrimination  Hesitate for racist comment, not for weight comment  Overweight less likely to be hired, low salary, job disc.  Les likely romantic partner  Even friends prefer  Teased more often 4  Rated heavier black more than heavier whites o Females dissatisfaction  Many feel unhappy cuz don’t fit magazine  Heavier than rlly are  College women believe heavier than other women  As early as 5 girl could have negative self concepts  Lesbian more satisfied abt weight  Lower class more satisfied with weight o Women of colour body image and thinness  Was not of focus  Blacks more satisfied  Average weight better than thins for blacks; European American trend spreading though  Latinas show some research they are more or less than Europeans Americans  Diversity among ethnic group o Dominican no value thin/Argentina yes value thin  Social class/country of origin/residence affect  Asian inconclusive  Cambodians better body image  Chinese/Korean/Indian/Pakistani= negative body image  Living time in America has no findings to value of thinness  European Canadian women had better body images than Indian and south Asians  Being overweight and dieting o 33-61% of us is overweight; not a mental disorder o Huge cause for 3 outline diseases o High fat eating and no exercise=likely risk o Diabetes/cancer/cvs o Social and professional discrimination o 40%/20% men diet to lose weight; expensive o Tend to gain it back o Focus on food tends to binge o Portion size factors society o Many aim for low aims, 10% loss  Treating psych disorders o Anxiety disorders  Intense and persistent  women 2x likely to have specific phobias  women 2xPanic disorders-attacks without warning 5  psychotherapy-  treating psych probs , reduce distress, verbal interactions  severe in hospital and psych wards ;others at home  pharmacotherapy-  medication to treat psych disorders  good with verbal; sometime overprescribed o psychotherapy and sexism  gender and misdiagnosis  rely too much on diagnostic and stas manual of mental disorders o many haven’t been scientifically tested o ignore poverty/discriminations/cultural probs  treatment of women  gender bias adds misdiagnosis  men more competent  how well they fit stereotypes  blame women for things not in their control
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3480

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.