PSYC 3480 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Major Depressive Disorder, Binge Eating, Antisocial Personality Disorder

43 views9 pages
24 Apr 2012
Department
Course

For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

1
Psychology for Women Chapter 12
Women and Psychological disorders
Psych disorders-emotions thoughts and behaviours that are particularly
maladaptive distressing to selves and different from social norm
Women more likely to suffer from both depression and eating disorders
More likely to seek therapy
Men more likely to have antisocial personality disorder- violate rights of others
o Lying, impulsiveness, aggressiveness
o They believe they’re perfect and world has problem
o
Depression
o Major depressive disorder:
Frequent episodes of hopelessness, low self esteem, lack of
pleasure
WHO- one of the most (top 5) in world health threats
o Women 2x more likely than men in lifetime, no differences found in youth
o Puberty- women more than men
Characteristics of depression
o 1.emotional symptoms- sad gloomy teary guilty irritable apathetic
o 2.cognitive- inadequate, worthless, helpelesss,blame, pessimism, decision
making
o 3. Behavioural- cant do ordinary tasks, productivity down, sleep,
neglection.attempt suicide, (men more likely to pull through)(women more
likely to think of it)
o 4. Physical- headaches, dizzy, fatigue, pain. Gain or weight loss
o Most have an extreme sadness stage
o Women with persistent bad depression often abuse substances, have
anxiety too, eating
o More likely to be depressed when children and low income or unhappily
married
o Low self esteem, traditional values, and little sense of self control
contribute
Explanations for gender differences
o Factors no longer relevant
Biochemical X chromosomes don’t explain differences
o Seeking therapy
Women more likely t have and treat their own depression
o Diagnostic biases in therapists
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
2
Over diagnosis in womenmajor depression to women; men less
so
Under diagnose in men- stereotypes of toughness
Therapy may target a mans alcohol when the alc resulted from
depression to start with
o
o General discrimination vs. women
Work, career, stereotypes, valuing achievements
Little control in life
o Violence
Sexually, physically, relationships,
After rape usually get anxious/depressed
o Poverty
High level associated with
Few choices/options
Surprising but more low incomers do not experience depression as
much
o Housework
Traditional role toll
2 jobs
o Physical appearance
Eat n lose, media, models...
o Women’s relationships
Women feel responsible for relationship path
Latinas especially self sacrificing
Overly involved in friends problems
Neglect own needs for others/spouses
o Responses to depression
Development in childhood parenting of expression of feelings
Women more likely to turn inward and contemplating their cause
for emotion in a ruminative style
Ppl believe women should see their sadness and worry more and
do worry more than men...engrained stereotype becomes now
belief
Ruminations prolong bad moods, negative biases, pessimism
Increases long term depression likelihood in women
o Conclusions
Therapists able to help ruminative style in women,
But work relationships poverty cannot all be
Eating disorders and related problems
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
3
o Most NA women preoccupied with eating /appearance
o Anorexia
Fear of becoming obese and refuses to maintain adequate body
weight defined as 85% of expected weight
Distorted body image
95% female, up to 4% adolescent females
More common in whites
Usual ppl start a lil overweight, severe diet due to comment,
Some tend to be rigid perfectionists
Can cause Amenorrhea- cessation of menstrual periods
Can cause ling, heart, gi, kidney disorders
Osteoporosis
5-10% of anorexic die from it
Hard to treat; some already depressed to,
Early treatment 75% can recover
o Bulimia
Maintain normal body weight; binge eating; prevents gains
Compensate huge food intakes
90$ female; college campus prevalence
Don’t stand out
Bulimia hard to treat cause depression and medical+psych
disorders ties
o Binge eating
2 episodes each week; for 6 weeks
Eat away; then depress guilt; vomit, laxatives, diets
Typically overweight
60% females
Don’t value thinness like other 2 disorders
Depress, self esteem,
Culture of thinness
o Na thought that ppl are overweight when not
o Media images
Often report media causes for anorexia
Magazines
o Discrimination
Hesitate for racist comment, not for weight comment
Overweight less likely to be hired, low salary, job disc.
Les likely romantic partner
Even friends prefer
Teased more often
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class