Textbook Notes (367,876)
Canada (161,461)
York University (12,778)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 3480 (233)
Chapter 14

psych women chapter 14.docx

7 Pages
186 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3480
Professor
Noreen Stuckless
Semester
Winter

Description
1 Psychology of women Chapter 14 Women and older adulthood  Intro o Feminist research pays little attn to elderly women o As women live longer need to delve into their lives too  Attitudes toward older women o Ageism- bias on age  Negative emotions, discrimination, myths, stereotypes,  Treat them as children; don’t talk; don’t research o Believe the elders complain all too much o Many ageist assumption are false; studied less than racism and sexism  Older women and media o Missing from advertisements; don’t portray the real elder women of accomplishments o Underrepresented in movies,; 34% older than 40  Even though 54% of pop is in this stage o Men more represented  45% older than 40 ; 51% of pop fall in this age group o Age is only seen in magazines for age concealment o Not limited to recent yrs but common throughout literature, fairy tales...  Double standard of aging o Negative views ; then on women elderly even more o Double standard- wrinkles in man ok, in women no o Personality characteristics  Pics and stereotypes test showed how most show the negativity  Found larger drop in females in 2 conditions  Rated the target males and females on characteristics such as generosity and friendliness  And when ppl rated how willing they would talk with the person  When intelligence and memory tested; bigger drop for male targets than for females; ppl rated old men worse than younger men(but rated older women and younger women about the same)  Most women become optimistic about future aging; anticipated stability rather than change  Perceive negative stereotypes apply to other but not to selves o Potential as a romantic partner  Older women more critical than men about own bodies  Older men in films in a romantic lead 2  Ppl think older women younger men doesn’t work; even in lesbian relationship age gaps  Like men’s sexuality not elder woman’s  Stereotyped to be undesirable sex partners  Expected to show no sexual desire  Cross cultural views of older women o Some African countries like Nigeria and Kenya have more power in elderly women o Elder women showed little memory decline in china which has elderly high o Expectations may hurt their performance o In Japan, hk, south Korea they emphasize their qualities but not their intelligence o Hence modernization can bring abt change for worse  Older women retirement and financial problems o Intro  Invisible in media/research  45-65 65% employed; many out of home too o Planning for retirement  Personal health  Free time  Less likely to look up health benefits before retirement unlike men o Adjusting to retirement  Vary in reactions to retirement  Relax, pursue, volunteer, friends , social justice  More retirement probs than men  Time to adapt  Feel selfish doing own projects  Some find no diffs in adjustments  Women have lower incomes, financial problems arise  More housework than men  When married couple retire; women do housework  When retire; miss job identity  Depends on reason for retirement of course  Forced to care for someone vs. fun and leisure  Divorce and death effects too  When retired for 2 yrs; men and women feel better o Financial problems  lower social security than men do  worse for women of colour; more than half of black and Latinas live in poverty when old  Canadian women; only 9% in low income 3  Most employed do not have a pension plan  30% over 65 and 47% men over 65 have pension plan  African women and Latinas are especially unlikely to have pension plans  Canada however shows little sex difference in pensions   Reasons:  1. Lower salaries; avg 250 g’s less in lifetime; layoffs without source of income  2. Women are not compensated for unpaid work at home  3. Worked at home; divorce, widowed; less money; husbands health care depleted funds; lose job’s health care stability  4. Women live longer, annual income is much lower than men’s annual income from savings  5. Women are more likely to have chronic illnesses and decreases income  Menopause o Ovaries gradually produce less estrogens and progesterone; don’t menstruate regularly o Menopause-stopped having cycle for 12 mos.; between 45-55; 51 most common o Physical changes:  Hot flash most common; heath within body;perspiration;disrupt sleep  Frequency and intensity decrease over time  Include osteoporosis, low vaginal secretions, thinning vaginal tissues, urinary, fatigue  Few experience all of them o Current status of hormone replacement therapy  90-2001- used to recommend taking hormones  Hormone replacement therapy- estrogens and progestin  Relieves some physical; symptoms like hot flashes  Believed it used to reduce heart risks; proven not to; increased  Increased heart attacks, clots, hip fractures  Now encourage women to eat nutritiously o Attitudes about menopause  No longer taboo; yet don’t discuss with friends; little info  Represent it negatively; as a chronic illness  Self help book echo this negativity  Grouchy, anxious, depressed  Media also give negative view about sex drives  Shapes views and stereotypes even to their hobbies etc... o Psychological /cultural
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3480

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit