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SOSC 1000 - Ideology and History READINGS ONLY

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1000
Terry Conlin

Marchak’s (Pg. 61) – “Ideology and Social Organization” Social Reality – What senses feel evaluated by what the mind already believes as truth Private vs. Public World - We believe we have our own private hopes and motivations, and tend not to consider ourselves as socialized beings, conditioned Social Critic - Seek reforms in social organization ideology Social Analyst- Seeks "why" people believe what they believe Paradigm Paradigm – a fundamental way of thinking Ideology. (Conlin) - An ideology is a fairly coherent and comprehensive set of ideas that explains and evaluates social conditions, helps people understand their place, and provides a program for social and political action. Ideology Ideology (Marchak) – A group of shared ideas, perceptions, values, and beliefs, through which members of society interpret history and social events; shaping their expectations for the future. Dominant Ideology - Ideology most widely shared at any given time that has the greatest impact on social action Theory Counter Ideology - Ideology held by minority that has an impact on social action Theory - assumptions are demonstrated to be linked to conclusions, not a faith. Theories are open, debatable, and can be corrected when evidence fails to support it Political Ideologies Individualist (A) – Independent thought and action A Contemporary Liberal Elitist (B) – Certain classes deserve favoured treatment - entitlement D B Collectivist (C) – Control means of production and distribution by public – Government control Classic Conservative Egalitarian (D) – Believing all people are equal and deserve equal rights C McNeill (Pg. 75) – “Mythistory, or Truth, Myth, History, and Historians” As the science
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