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SOSC 1430 (15)


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Social Science
SOSC 1430
Soren Frederiksen

MODERNIZATION THEORY: - Dependency is irrelevant or excessively doctrinal or political (33) - Main idea is the concept of traditional society (33) - Traditional Society: stagnant, unchanging. Its values are spiritual, not grounded in individual self-betterment. Its rhythms of life are circular, not linear and progressive; one always returns to the same place. - The traditional world is emotionally comfortable, a world in which each person has a place that is secure, a place in the family among the divinity of ancestors. - The traditional person identifies with his or her ancestors and emulates them. - Daily work: not to secure profit, but to perform ones duty/to maintain a place in society - Traditional life = negative  family, the spirit, and the larger group or society are too close together, there is no separation = economic loss  no hope of accumulation of income or wealth, no progress - When time is circular, when the most honorable task is to intimidate ones ancestor = no fundamental change/development or breakthrough. - Economic growth and development = capitalism - Government in capitalist systems built the infrastructure that is need to maintain the system; goverments are central partners in capitalist systems. (page 34) - Through protest and challenging autorcratic monarchies, the representatives of the people won freedom of speech, religion, and association for the people of the state (i.e. France and England). 35 -  led to rise of political freedom in cohesion with the rise of human rights; political and economic modernization (36) - “Natural resources such as iron ore, are not considered capital, because they have not been produced”…but natural resources bring wealth (34) - Modernizationist view : also suggests that development not possible without foreign aid, not just cultural change (40) UNDERDEVELOPMENT IS A STATE OF MIND - development is improvement in human well being (227) - TABLE 18.1  large gap between world’s rich and poor - Creative capacity of humans = development process  ability to manage, theorize, innovate, invent, organize, solve problems =contribute to progress of person and humanity (228) - Good government = ensure stability w/o faltering investment/production - Government responsible for progress in health, education, welfare, etc. (229) - Nicaragua example: 1. Larry Pezzullo grew up in America, went to school, became teacher, rose up ranks and became ambassador to Nicaragua, very intelligent. 2. Rosa Carballo born in Nicaragua, intelligent, dignified, slef disciplined, understand human nature, she is a servant, illiterate, but her qualities in other country = success (231) - Religion is resistant to change (232) - 3 cultural factors that affect societal progress : extent of identification w/others, rigor of ethical
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