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Week 9- Wednesday March 5 - Masculinities- In Crisis? -- mar 5.pdf
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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1502
Professor
Amar Wahab
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 9: Wednesday March 5 - Masculinities: In Crisis? Readings: §Bordo, Beauty (re)discovers the male body (CK) §Bederman, Remaking Manhood Through Race and Civilization (G&K) § gender —womanhood or manhood—is historical, ideological process §individuals are positioned and position themselves as men or women §manhood is neither intrinsic essence or a collection of traits, attributes or sex roles §manhood or masculinity is continual dynamic process where men claim certain kinds of authority based upon particular types of bodies §part of the way gender functions is to hide contradictions and to camouflage facts about gender is dynamic and always changing §gender is constructed as a fact of nature and manhood as assumed to be unchanging, transhistorical essence constituting to of died naturally occurring traits §to study history of manhood is to unmask the process and study historical ways different ideologies about manhood develop, change and are combined amended, contested and gain the status of truth §as middle class worked to remake manhood, many turned from gender to race (also linking bodies, identities and power) §linking whiteness to male power §Americans linking powerful manhood with white supremacy §americans placed blacks in ska category as women —-dependents (couldnt vote, join military, etc) §white working men instated that as men they had a claim to manly independence that women and negro men lacked §negro males were less than men bc not white §lack of manhood legitimized social and political disfranchisement §blacks enlisted in civil war as they knew only way to obtain civic power was through gender and proving they were men §primitive men lacked racial genius to exercise manhood rights §middle class white men adopted strategy linking powerful manhood to savagery and primitiveness of dark skinned races whose masculinity they claimed to share §contrastingly simulated powerful manhood also with civilized mainlines §middle and upper class white men mobilize civilization to maintain their class, gender and racial authority whether they invoked primitive masculinity or civilized manliness §people opposed to white male dominance invoked civilization to legitimize pov §feminists pointed to civilization to demonstrate importance of women's advancements §blacks cited civilization to prove necessity of racial egalitarianism §19th cent civilization denoted a precise stage in human racial evolution following savagery and barbarism §human evolve from savagery to advanced valuable civilization (which were the white) §savage as nonwhite and women §civilized women were delicate, spiritual and decimated to the home §civilized men were firm of character, self controlled, protector of women and children §savage women were aggressive, carried heavy burdens and did all sorts of masculine had labor §savage men were emotional and lacked a mans ability to restrain their passions, creatures of whim who raped women instead of protecting them and abandoned their children instead of providing for them and dressed like women in skirts and jewellery §pronounced sexual differences celebrated in the middle class doctrine of separate spheres were assumed to be absent in savagery to be an intrinsic necessary aspect of higher civilization §harnessing male supremacy to white supremacy and celebrating both as essential to human perfection, hegemonic versions of civilization maintained the power of victorian gender ideologies by presenting male power as natural and inevitable ▯ Film: Tough Guise ▯ NB: International Women’s Day Lecture (and week of activities) ▯ One of the following questions will be on your quiz on March 5: ▯ 1. How are "civilization" and "manhood" linked in the Bederman article? §pronounced sexual differences celebrated in the middle class doctrine of separate spheres were assumed to be absent in savagery to be an intrinsic necessary aspect of higher civilization §harnessing male supremacy to white supremacy and celebrating both as essential to human perfection, hegemonic versions of civilization maintained the power of victorian gender ideologies by presenting male power as natural and inevitable §civilized women were delicate, spiritual and decimated to the home §civilized men were firm of character, self controlled, protector of women and children §savage women were aggressive, carried heavy burdens and did all sorts of masculine had labor §savage men were emotional and lacked a mans ability to restrain their passions, creatures of whim who raped women instead of protecting them and abandoned their children instead of providing for them and dressed like women in skirts and jewellery 2.According to Bordo, what is the new "aesthetic norm" in the representation of both gay and straight male bodies? - “the athletic, muscular male body that Calvin plastered all over buildings, magazines, and subway stops has become an aesthetic norm, for straights as well as gays” - “passively dependent on the gaze of another person for one’s sense of self-worth is incompatible with being a real man” (172) - no pecs no sex - be healthy - look better naked ▯ Lecture: Conceptual  Framework   • Masculinity  as  a  gendered  relation:  to  multiple  femini
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