Textbook Notes (368,774)
Canada (162,158)
York University (12,867)
SOSC 1510 (43)
Chapter 2

CHAPTER 2 NOTES (Labour Movement & Union) - Future of Work

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Department
Social Science
Course
SOSC 1510
Professor
David Langille
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 2: CANADA’S LABOUR MOVEMENT IN CHALLENGING TIMES: UNIONS  AND THEIR ROLE IN A CHANGING ECONOMY Introduction: Unions  • Were invented to try to improve the economic lot of some of the exploited in society • However the population has a negative view of them  • Unionized workers’ measured productivity on average is higher than that of non­union  workers Unions In Canada • They have improved the lives of working people  o Enhancing their incomes, their job security, their health and safety, and the well­ being of their entire communities  o It’s not just the union members that benefit from unionization  Strong unions have a spillover effect on equality, social cohesion, and  even environmental protection in broader society Unions And Their Purpose: Employment  • A form of work in which employees perform tasks determined and supervised by their  employer, in return for a wage or salary  Employees • Do not own the firm where they work, the tools they work with, nor the raw materials or  goods in process that they work on Employment Relationship • Within the formal (or paid) economy 85% of Canadians perform their work in employer­ employee relationship • Asymmetrical relationship between employee and employer  o Workers need their employer more than their employer needs them  • Collective bargaining: the process where workers’ representatives negotiate the terms and  conditions of the employment relationship on behalf of the workers in
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