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SOSC 1700 (3)


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Social Science
SOSC 1700
Nadiah Habib

WOMEN’S TRAFFICKING AND SEXUAL SLAVERY, A SOCIAL GLOBAL EPIDEMIC Janneke Zijsling Student Number: 212225421 Women in Canada H/REQ 1700 Stephanie APA style York University May 25th, 2013 WOMEN’S TRAFFICKING AND SEXUAL SLAVERY, A SOCIAL GLOBAL EPIDEMIC Violence against women is a problem that had passed through out the history and is very common in our society, but has been present since ancient times. The history of violence against women is accessible to our knowledge in Ancient civilizations and wartime and includes sexual slavery, sexual and domestic servitude, forced marriage, trafficking and many other categories. This essay will emphasize in the fact that a well- known problem like sexual slavery and trafficking as a way of violence against women and that is not new to our society, rather it is a problem that began many centuries ago and still survives Discussing the role of trafficking and sexual slavery in violence against women lead to one of the first important points to mention in this essay. Trafficking of human beings and slavery are not the same. Human trafficking is a term used to describe the modern slave trade (Hodge & Lietz, 2007, pg 163). Also, involves the use of individuals in prostitution and other types of sexual exploitation. Sexual trafficking is a specific category of the human trafficking phenomena. On the other hand, slavery can be understood as a form of personal domination where one person posses complete control over other. Sexual slavery is referred as the bondage of individuals, especially women and children into sexual exploitation is which usually a consequence of the trafficking of women across international borders. Slavery involve bad conditions of living, long hours of work in which young women and girls have to enslaved their bodies to at least 30 clients per night. These victims are abused by their “pimps”, not only physically, but also mentally. Trafficking is highly gendered (Hodge & Lietz, 2007, pg 163). More than 80% of people trafficked across international borders are women and children, and are usually trafficked for prostitution and sexual slavery. Sex trafficking is also a problem that had extended worldwide, in other words had globalized. Most of the destinations where these victims arrive are wealthy countries in which the sex industry is large and where prostitution is a legal practice. The number of women trafficked each year is difficult to know accurately as many of these victims are afraid of seeking government help due to threats to their families by their “pimps”. “Pimps” is the word used to name a person or a man who have control over a prostitute or sexual slave and who takes the earnings they made. Sexual slavery and trafficking are problems that had existed since 1400s and 1600s. The first form of slavery started when Europeans traded African slaves with other countries and used their work force in the process of colonialism. Slavery had changed the way in which is expressed through out history. Also, in the time of the World War II, Japan, which controlled Korea between 1910 and 1945, forced Korean women into prostitution to serve the Japanese soldiers. These women were known as “volunteer comforters”. Most of them were young women who were promised a decent job as caregivers and domestic helpers. Sex trafficking can also be traced many centuries ago to the time of Ancient Civilizations like the Babylonians. It is important to know that the issues of trafficking and sexual slavery are not new problems in our modern society, hey are ideologies that had changed through out the centuries and that is increasing every day leaving young women and children in danger. Sexual trafficking and slavery are issues that violate women around the world. They are not only forced to work as sexual slaves, but they are also tricked and brought to unknown countries with a false promise of a job and a new life. Most of the victims end up being desperate women with economic instability and lack of social support, whose believe that this “new job” in a wealthy country will give them enough resources to support their families and themselves. The fact that these issues are not new to our society, rather have transformed through out history is very important to know because it shows how ideologies never die, they come to us in a different way maintaining the same essence. Hodge, D.R., & Lietz, C.A. (2007) The international Sexual Trafficking of Women and Children. Journal of Women and Social Work, 22(2), 63-174: Sage Publications. Hodge and Lietz from the Arizona State University, describes main aspects of Sexual Trafficking of women and children. They develop the argument by diving the essay in three parts, which includes and introduction to the problem, reviewing and describing the factors and different stages that women and children had to face and finally three levels of possible solutions. The authors wanted to review what they think are the most important and fast-growing aspects of the trade, such as the trafficking of young women and children as well as prostitution and other forms of sexual exploitation. Hodge and Lietz work starts by defining human trafficking. The second point the authors emphasize is that sexual trafficking is a global iss
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