Textbook Notes (369,133)
Canada (162,403)
York University (12,903)
SOSC 2652 (17)
Chapter 6

Jan 9 Chapter 6.docx

2 Pages
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Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 2652
Professor
Anna Pratt

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Chapter 6 • With the introduction of the Charter of Rights and Freedom there is an increased workload with more challenging legal issues • Supreme Court-Provincial Superior Court(Appeal)- Provincial Superior Court (Trial)- Provincial Court • The courts are responsible for determining the guilt or innocence of accused persons and for imposing an appropriate sentence on those who are convicted • They are also responsible for ensuring the rights of accused persons are protected • Judicial Independence- citizens have the right to have their cases tried by tribunals that are fair, impartial, and immune from political interference The Provincial Court System • In every province and territory it has two levels: provincial and superior • Nunavut is the only exception • The Provincial Courts are the lowest level of courts; nearly all criminal cases are begun and disposed of in them • Judges are appointed by the provinces which also fund these courts and have jurisdiction over them Federal Court • If at least one appellate judge dissents the unsuccessful party may pursue another appeal at the federal level • “Court of last resort”- The Supreme Court of Canada- is located in Ottawa but hears cases from all provinces and territories • Judicial interim release(bail)- release by a judge or JP of a person who has been charged with a criminal offence pending a court
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