Textbook Notes (362,882)
Canada (158,081)
York University (12,350)
SOSC 2652 (17)

Nov.14th Grifiths.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Social Science
SOSC 2652
Anna Pratt

• Discretion-the ability of a police officer to choose among several possible courses of action in carrying out a mandated task • Patrol officers bring to their work a set of cognitive lenses through which they make determinations about the people and events they encounter • Typifications- constructs based on a patrol officer’s experience that denote what is typical about people and events routinely encountered • Recipes for action- the actions typically taken by patrol officers in various kinds of encounter situation • e.g A visual cue such as a poorly dressed individual in an upscale neighbourhood • The risk is that racial or economic profiling may result Factors Influencing Patrol Officers’ Decision making The setting • Different Environment e.g. Toronto has rich districts and poor districts • Police officers posted to remote areas face isolation and cultural and language barriers. • Policing in rural and remote communities is “high visibility-high consequence” The Priorities of the Police Service • Patrol officers are influenced by the priorities of the department, the philosophy and management style of the chief and senior police administrators, and resources available • The management style of the police department’s leaders will affect the development and implementation of policies and procedures within the department, how the competing demands on the agency are prioritized, and the extent to which patrol officers are encouraged to exercise discretion and seek solutions to problems they encounter The Policing Style of Officers • Research studies have shown that the age,gender, length of service, ethnicity, and level of education of patrol officers can influence the decisions they make in any given situation • E.g female patrol officers are less likely than male officers to provoke violence in encounter situations and make fewer arrests than their male counterparts; are less likely to be involved in serious misconduct, and more effective in interactions with the general public Complanant Preference and Suspect Charecteristics • The wishes of the complainant have a significant impact on the decision making of police officers • Charecteristics of the suspect may also influence police decision making • Suspects who non-white, male, and of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to be checked by patrol ofiicres through Canadian Police Information Centre: they are also more likely to be searched by officers • Suspects who are uncooperative or disrespectful are more likely to be charged or arrested than those who behave in a deferential and civil manner Seriousness of the Alleged Offence • Those suspects alleged to have committed serious crimes are more likely to be arrested than those alleged t have committed minor offences • As the
More Less

Related notes for SOSC 2652

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.