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SOSC 2730 (17)
Lewis Code (17)
Chapter 1-4

Summaries of Chapters 1-4 for Test 1

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Social Science
SOSC 2730
Lewis Code

Chapter 1 Sanctuary VillageStrongholdSection 1 The city in historyIntro to authors prospective of cityThis book is questioning how the cities were created its nature how it has developed how it will further human development etc In order to understand a presentday city we must look at its historyEither diverge from city or be converted to different beliefs and needsIn big cities planning is incompleteSwing between life and death in development of the cityWhen urban society parts ways we must decide whether to help with the development of humanity or dehumanize ourselves and become Posthistoric manMany cities and organizations are already becoming Posthistoric man cities will become control centers all other characteristics of life will vanishBefore this happens we will take a look back at mans accomplishments as a result of our forever developing citiesHave to understand before we understand the current societyThe early villages introduced as we see in modern societyOnce we have a new image of man that embraces everything that makes humanity we will be able to find a new form for the citySection 2 Animal promptings and foreshadowingAuthor mentions not what we find but where the city traces back toBefore we search for the physical remains of a city we should focus on the functions purposes fulfilled and some of the temporary sites in that city because these characteristics preexisted before the physical cityTo look for the origins we must look closer into the remains that once made up a village the cave and before this characteristics that man use to share with other animal species The way the people back then lived is based on how we structure ourselvesThis implies that humankind used to act like animalsWe humans stay in a place that allows us to prosper and if it doesnt then we tend to move from place to placeHuman life swings between movement to move from place to place and settlementthe contrast between these can be traced back to the freemoving protozoa and the sessile organisms from the vegetable kingdomAt every level of life someone either settles for security or moves around for adventure Some tendency to settle especially in a place that offers good shelter exists in many animal speciesCarl O Sauer suggested that the tendency to storesettle down may be an original human traitMore contributions to stabilitycontinuity come from our animal pastWe stay familiar from what we know and want to travel and see different areasUsing animals and creators as early forms of association communities societies 1 Many animals come together to materaise their young and the flocking species tend to settle together at breeding time in protected areas like islandsLarger mating groups come up with different possibilities of different genetics that inbred human groups cantRaisingfeeding are examples of the most original kind of human settlement the hamlet or villageThe sense of defense and territoriality of an early town is the main center in animal developmentThe technological complexity of a human town also came from the animalsAnimals used to remold their environment by building lodges and chopping treesThis resulted in the splitting of one congregation into numerous ones all of them working together to improve their habitat Although the closest approach to a place for animals is far from the urban community the closest approach to civilized life and a city is represented by social insects The animal dwellings such as the beehive and anthill all resemble the cityEven situations like war and labor existed in the ant community long before they existed in the ancient city This situation is not biological but rather a situation of mergingSection 3 Cemeteries and shrinesOne form of settlement is a permanent settlement of deathIn our urban beginnings we found our concern for the dead which was revealed in their carefully executed burials which was a sign of dreadThis had no animal counterpartPeople come back to their resting place to make shrines and honour the dead pay respect Hence why cemeteries came into play Mans respect for the dead played a great roleDifferent settlements on different barrier typesSettlers always moving for food never settled in one placeThe only places of settlement were for the deadThe villages were made close to that barriers of the dead they had info about the past it would be important for the next generation drawings and pictures in caves ie EgyptDead were important to societies Section 4 Domesticationthe villageDomestications and agriculture and people settling in villages Women become mothers and took care of their youngDevelopment of agriculture domesticated animals and plants Women continued reproductions to grow their villagesMainly reproduction of agriculture women reproduce and helped to settle down Agricultural revolution describes the process above understand how the nurture animals for milk and transportingThe creation of tools to help them survive2
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