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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Notes.docx

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Social Science
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SOSC 4240
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Introduction to Sociology NotesChapter 1 A Sociological Compass The Sociological Perspectivesuicide appears to be an antisocial and nonantisocial act it is condemned by nearly everyone typically committed in private rare likely focus on individuals state of mind rather than state of societyThe Sociological Explanation of Suicide Emile Durkheim showed that suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces examined association bw rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorders for different groups reasoned that psychological disorders causes suicide when suicide rates are high w high psychological disorders and low w low psychological disorders analysis did not reveal this found more women than men in insane asylums but more men committed suicide than femalesJews had highest rate of psychological disorders but had lowest rates of suicidepsychological disorders occurred at maturity but suicide rates increase w age this relationship varied inversely argued that suicide rates varied as a result of social solidarity in different categories of the populationthe more beliefs and values a groups members share and the more frequently and intensely they interact the more social solidarity the group hastherefore the more social solidarity they have the less likely they are to commit suicidethus Durkheim expected highsolidarity groups to have lower suicide rates than lowsolidarity group but only up to a certain pointshowed that married adults half as likely to commit suicide as unmarried adults marriage creates social ties that bind the individuals to societywomen are less likely to commit suicide bc involved in more intimate social relations in family life Jews less likely than Christians bc persecution turned them into a group that is more defensive and tightly knitelderly more prone than the young and middle aged bc most likely to live alone lost a partner lack a job and friendsa persons likelihood of committing suicide decreases w the degree to which he or she is anchored in societycalled suicide in high solidarity setting altruistic ex soldiers suicide in lowsolidarity settings is egotistic or anomic egotistic results from the poor integration of people into society bc of weak social ties to othersanomic occurs when vague norms govern behaviourlikely to be high among people living in a society lacking a widely shared code of morality Suicide in Canada Today men are 4 times as likely as women are to commit suicidetoday it is much more common among youth shared moral principles and strong social ties have eroded since the 1960s
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