chapter 6.odt

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10 Apr 2012
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Mid-term Review:
Chapter 6:
November 12, 2009
Social Interaction
stable, meaningful interaction by a minimum of atleast two persons
takes place within society
society has a structure – includes groups of institutions relating to eachother, schools, family, law,
etc
the structure is madeup of:
status
role
defination of social interaction:
Socialization – is structured by status and roles
gender roles and gender inequality
constrain women more than men, thus we have gender inequality
status (position) and roles (performed)
Status: position. All have a status and from there, the prestige varies in any given status
e.g Chef, the prestige would be higher or lower class chefs
Status set- postitions we hold at any given time
statuses can be ascribed (at birth) or achieved (during life)
ascribed, e.g sex, ethnicity
achieved e.g athlete, university student
in any given status, its a combination of both
Master Status – one that dominates your life, dominates ALL other statuses
intersection theory goes out the window for those who hold the master status
RACE is a master status
role, we perform them
role: behaviour expected of a person occupying a particular status
gender role expections: expectations of men and women and what they should do and not do, how
they should behave within their roles
we perform roles related to statuses
role set: the fixed roles one should performed, number of roles that we perform, e.g sister, mother,
macdonald's worker. etc
role conflict: when you are performing roles of two statuses and they are conflicting
role strain/role set: roles which strain on performing a single role
role exit: divorce, or anything that has an “ex”, they are exited from a role of significance
Freedom, and there are constrains of status/roles, thus we achieve relative freedom
this is dominated by the symbolic interaction theory
is not a theory, but we can make it into a theory
we have shared assumptions about norms and about reality - Gorfunkel asked to violate them, do
something deviant to violate them and to see their reactions which would reveal these shared
assumptions
Golfman – stigma and how us normals create a world that is hard for people with stigma
stigma is a hard attitude
sometimes its visible and sometimes it is invisible
e.g aids is invisible
e.g being disable and in a wheelchair, that is visible
forces people to find a way to fit in the society
Dramaturgical perspective: impressions given (have to be careful) and given off (one you can
manage)
society as “theatre”
script as role, role as position
impression management will be effective if you can manage and control what you have given
off
this way, it will be successful
Performance is a central concept in the dramaturgical perspective
idealization, part of the performance, its not just about self interest, we are interested in the
welfare of others
human beings are very manipulative, we have a very cynical way of life
Read the section on language
humour – include or exclude depending if you are a member of a culture or not
For sociologists, you want to change the interaction of two societies, you change the structure,
and culture, they will behave differently (symbolic interaction thinking)
Exam review
structure - multiple choice names, concepts, definitions, theories, findings, associate
names with the major concepts and theories, definations from the textbook, content (sociological
perspectives), emphasis in tuts and lectures
e.g revolutionary change, associated with Marxx
content
independent variable, cause, dependent variable, effect
macro – surveys – quantitative
micro-observations-qualitative
scientific approach – doing an experiment 1)random assignments, 2) manipulation of treatments
Zimbardo : severe ethical problems, and what a bunch of hypocrites we are
Hawthorne experiment: reactive measurements, productivity - it increased because they were
being watched, to assess how hard you are working and to see the effect of productivity