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SOSC 1700 Chapter Notes -Industrial Revolution

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1700
Elizabeth Brule

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Sumera Malik
SOSC1700 Textbook Notes
November 20th,2014
Bonds of Friendship, Kinship , and Community: Gender,
Homelessness, and Mutual Aid in Early Nineteenth Century
By: Mary Anne Poutanen
Article Notes:
Vagrant women in Montreal lived large parts of their lives on streets, in squares
and green spaces such as the Champs de Mars, in the fields and farms that
surrounded the city, and in public buildings, including courts, prisons, and taverns
To preserve in a hostile environment, they established bonds of mutual
dependence, often in moments of need. These did not always ensure survival
This study explores the complex inventory of relationships that vagrant women
established for themselves and their dependents as they sought to secure the daily
requirement of shelter, food, warmth, and emotional support and comfort in a
world characterized by danger, poverty, homelessness, hunger, cold, and social
Examination of how vagrant women made use of public space in their daily
search to find food, shelter, and security and how their movements reveal the
permeability and improvisational of public and private spheres
Urban Space, the Culture of Vagrancy , and the Search for Food, Shelter, and Security
Montreal was a dynamic urban center
The economy was undergoing transformations that would culminate in an
industrial revolution later in the century
Men and women of different social and ethnic groups clustered in the city streets,
squares, and green spaces as they conducted business, shopped, socialized and
Vagrant women lived their lives within this cacophonic and tumultuous public
space in an ‘improvisational, hand-to-mouth subsistence.
There they worked – usually in sex trade – consumed food and alcohol, played,
argued, courted, fought, and slept ‘rough’
Vagrants wandered in and out of unlit neighborhoods and potentially dangerous
pathways and alleyways as well as in and around abandoned houses and vacant
Female vagrants also frequented drinking establishments in disreputable, unsafe
areas of the city; the low tippling houses along the waterfront that catered to
thirsty and randy sailors
Vagrants were accused of fomenting many of societies ills and blamed for
everything from corrupting the city’s youth to unsolved robberies
Key terms (Poutanen)
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