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SOSC 3130 Chapter Notes -Stelco, Labour Power, Social Reproduction


Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 3130
Professor
Jan Kainer

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Nov 18 - Gendered Work in the Home (and Review)
Ch. 5 “Women’s Work: Juggling Job & Family, ch. 6 “Domestic Labour as Maintaining a
Household and ch. 7 “Domestic Labour as Caring for People” Ch. 8 “optional Making a Life:
Leisure & Social Activities”; read ch. 9 “Dreams & Dilemmas: Trying to Make Sense of It All” in
Luxton & Corman, Getting By in Hard Times
Getting By in Hard Time Chapter 5
· Woman that worked for Stelco able to change her hours as circumstances changed (121)
· Argued resistance to hiring women claiming some jobs were men’s jobs (122)
· Feminist movement gave women confidence to do “men’s jobs” (123)
· Higher pay rates, better benefits, greater security in men’s jobs as opposed to women’s jobs (124)
· Women with families unable to devote as much time to work (131)
· Many women’s decisions to take up paid labour were decided in part by how they perceived it would
effect their relationships (132)
· Idea of male as income earner still prevalent (133)
· Men were more accepting if their wives did not take up employment for money but instead to get out of
the house (133)
· Women identified economic necessity as when the man’s earnings seemed threatened (135)
· Older women with little education or training had less incentives to get a job (137)
· Less formal education women had, the more likely they were to be homemakers (141)
·By 1980s most Canadian citizens expressed support for women’s participation in the labour force (144)
· Still the idea of women taking jobs away from men (144)
· Support for equal pay (145)
·Denied widespread systemic discrimination (145)
·Expressed distrust of women as coworkers or bosses still (146)
·Women married to employed men threatened men’s power as income earners (147)
· Thought it was unfair when there were two income earners (147)
· The longer women worked as homemakers, the less progressive were the views they expressed (147)
· In contrast, the longer a woman worked for a wage, the more likely she would be to support the idea that
women and men can do the same work (147)
Chapter 6
· Both working women and homemakers had housework to do (153)
· Homemakers sometimes felt swamped by their work while wage making women would come home
excited to spend time with family (153)
· Employed woman’s husband cared for children more than homemakers husband (154)
·Domestic labour has no standards regulated or enforced by an employer (156)
· The work itself is marginalized or low status as a result (156)
· Some men would get very angry if their wives made a lunch they didn’t like etc (157)
· Husbands put their needs first while wives were expected to put themselves last (159)
· Men who had learned to help around the house as children did more domestic work as adults (161)
· Domestic labour taken for granted so not seen as work (164)
· Men would do outdoor work, repair tasks around the house (165)
· Another aspect of domestic labour involved making ends meet (172)
· Women more likely to spend wages on children, food, daily living (175)]
· One man wouldn’t give his wife any money (176)
Chapter 7
· Women believed self-sacrifice for care was the right thing to do (185)
· Strongest motivation for having the mother stay at home was combination of convenience, economics
and quality of care (196)
- Chapters 5, 6, and 7 demonstrate in minute detail the repercussions of restructuring for the daily
activities of domestic labour, carework, and leisure, thereby grounding the abstract argument about social
reproduction in concrete details.
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-because their masculinity was not threatened when they were on strike, men would often participate in
housework
-when the men were laid off, however, they avoided those same activities.
-the loss of secure employment in the region meant that young adults stayed home longer, exacerbating
relationships between parents and their no longer quite adolescent children.
-transition from a single earner to a dual-earner family economy.!
Chapter 9
· Years between 1946 and 1980 steelworkers made significant gains in the workplace through their
collective union activities (249)
· 1980-1906 transformative period for women, working harder with fewer resources to get by (251)
· Growing acceptance of women’s labour force participation (252)
· Labour market remained highly sex-segregated
· Women still earned on average about 65% of men’s earnings (252)
· Deteriorating working conditions and government cuts 255)
-The final chapter depicts just how unprepared the workers and their families were to make sense of
their changing world.
-put class exploitation at its center, the people they interviewed became preoccupied with threats from
below and turned their hostility to women and racial and ethnic minorities, a pattern which bodes ill for
our current times.
Tutorial:
-no tutorial next week
-dont see housework as real work because its unpaid
-cant get out of the house easily
-double standards
-women distributed masculinity standard and culture of workplace
-stelco campaign challenging to men
-women found this work more challenging, fulfilling and interesting than feminine work
-women were previously slated into deskilled jobs
-
Lecture:
-mid term test format
-part 1 (worth 5%) — few paragraphs, more thorough the better, try for examples or elaborate on
meanings
-choice of 1 out of 8 (eg family wage, mothers allowance (when was it introduced, who was it for),
male wage)!
part 2 (10%)
-answer one question ex.//gender discourses, significance of social reproductive labour under capitalism
-choice 1 out of 4 — write a few pages double spaced
-more focus on later half of the term—brideships
-book about economic transition
-working ppls lives improved up until 1980s
-job at stelco pollutes emotion, physical, social life
-structural contradictions
-demands on workers
-fundamental incompatibility between domestic sphere and work sphere is organized
-domestic sphere—makes ppl ready to engage with public realm. domestic labour towards recreating
and restoring them to make them able to work and functional members of society
-renewing labour power of family members to work outside the home
-reproduce and sustain members of labour power
-household prepares ppl for world of work
-trying to sustain society and capitalism
-unified system where they're integrated and needed for capitalism to operate
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