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Chapter 1

CISW 300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Internet Engineering Task Force, Darpa, Hypertext Transfer Protocol


Department
Computer Information Science - Web
Course Code
CISW 300
Professor
Brecher
Chapter
1

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Chapter 1: Introduction to the Internet & World Wide
Web
-Birth of the Internet
Internet began as a network to connect computers at research facilities &
universities
Messages travel by multiple routes
o Allowed network to function even if parts were broken
This network was developed by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)-
ARPAnet
-Growth of the Internet
1991:
o Lifting of the restriction on commercial use of internet
Businesses now welcome on internet
o Internet still text based
-Birth of the Web
Tim Berners-Lee:
o Created World Wide Web
o Posted Code for the web in a newsgroup, made it freely available
This version of the World Wide Web used Hypertext Transfer Protocol
(HTTP) to communicate between client computer and web server
And Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) to format the documents, text-
based
-The First Graphical Browser
1993: Mosaic, first Graphical browser
Marc Andreessen & graduate students at the National Center for Supercomputer
Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois-UC developed it
-Who Runs the Internet
Internet infrastructure standards overseen by:
o Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Open international community of network designers, operators, vendors,
and researchers concerned with the evolution of Internet architecture and
smooth operation of the Internet.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
Committee of IETF, provides guidance
Responsible for the Publication of the Request for Comments (RFC)
document series
Formal doc from IETF that is drafted by a committee and
reviewed by the interested parties
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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