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DSC 101 (9)
Chapter 7

DSC101_ Chapter 7

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DSC 101
Jacques Giard

Lessons Learned Along The Way ◦ No users, therefore, no need for designing ◦ Lesson 1: Place, People, and process 1. Designing is not a recent phenomenon 2. Not limited to designers 3. Design/designing occurs where people live ‣ Contextual influence occurs in ways that are physical & metaphysical. • Metaphysical qualities: cultural values & other belief systems may not be as tangible as physical materials but important. • Not black magic • Scope of design ◦ Lesson 2: context & culture ‣ Young man of Sikh faith accepted into Royal Canadian Mounted Police (equal to FBI in Canada). Refused to wear the dress uniform hat because of his turban. ‣ Designing Triad includes context as an essential component because designing always occurs in Context & culture is clearly a part of the Context. ‣ The clothes we wear have a connection to our culture, as well as, food, habits, and values used. ‣ We associate with high culture and be more appropriate to designing ‣ Scottish designer & architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh was inspired by Japanese art & artifacts. ‣ Many Art Nouveau designers found sources of visual inspiration from objects discovered in tomb of Tutankhamen when unearthed in 1922. ‣ Time • Edward T. Hall identified many if these facets of time ◦ Biological time ◦ Personal time ◦ Cultural time ◦ Micro time ◦ Sacred time • Watch making still big part of Swiss economy • Monochromic (m-time) defines an attitude to time that emphasizes measurable properties of time. • Polychromic (p-time) is opposite where everything happens at once. ‣ Space • Proxemics - study of interrelationship of people & space • Role of human olfactory apparatus • Blandness & predictability • Hall's Proxemic Spheres of Space ◦ Public, social, personal, & intimate • Hall's theory ◦ Intimate Distance - physical contact, vision out of focus, olfactory sense important, touch sense important, whispered. ◦ Personal Distance - friends, colleagues, some physical contact, vision in focus, olfactory sense not as important, touch sense not as important, normal voice. ◦ Social Distance - no physical contact, vision in focus, olfactory sense not important, touch sense not important, raised voice at times. ◦ Public Distance - no physical contact, vision in focus, olfactory sense not as important, touch sense not as important, amplified voice. • Proxemics in Practice ‣ Lesson 3: It's About the Toast, Not the Toaster • Chief Designer at Porsche in Germany, Tony Lepine • New urbanism • Modernism ‣ Lesson 4: Fits & Misfits • Koen de Winter is chief designer at Danesco • Created a teapot even though the previous model was still perfectly functional • Christopher Alexander postulated that designing occurs on a kind of continuum • One end of this continuum is designing as expression of self, while, other is designing occurs as recognition of misfits in unselfconscious cultures • Birch back canoe is another every
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