EDPS 260 Chapter Notes - Chapter Chapter 1: Applied Behavior Analysis, Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Neuroscience

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Wednesday, August 24, 2016
Ch. 1 Notes
-Child development is the study of understanding constant changes from conception
through adolescence.
-Developmental sciences is the larger field that includes all changes throughout
-Development is divided into physical, cognitive, emotional, and social domains
Three basic issues
-Continuous/ discontinuous stages
-Characterizing all children/ many possible courses
-Nature/ nurture development (genetic or environmental factors are important
influences on development)
-Psychoanalytic perspective (children’s emotional problems)
-Psychosexual theory (five stages, first three: id, ego, superego)
-Psychosocial theory (culture, skills)
-Behaviorism is focused on observable events
-Social learning theory where new responses are acquired while thinking and learning
is approached
-Applied behavior analysis increase desirable responses and eliminate undesirable
-Cognitive theory is where children construct knowledge through four stages
-Information processing works the mind like a computer
-Developmental cognitive neuroscience changes in the brain and behavior patterns
-Developmental social neuroscience changes in the brain and social development
-Ethology focuses on the adaptive value and history of behavior along with
evolutionary psychology as species change over time
-Sociocultural theory focuses on cultural transmission
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