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Chapter 2

JAPA 101 Chapter 2: Soko, Koko, Asoko, and Doko


Department
Japanese
Course Code
JAPA 101
Professor
Kazumi Matsumoto
Chapter
2

Page:
of 2
Japanese 101 Notes
ここ、そこ、あそこ、どこ
All of these are location based words.
ここ= Means here or this place, and refers to the area close to the speaker.
そこ= Means there or that place, and refers to the area close to the listener but away from the speaker,
or between, or some distance from both of them.
そこあそこ= Means that place over there, and refers to the area far away from both the speaker and
the listener.
どこ= Means where.
Where?
Ex. You are looking for a restroom.
A: トイレはどこですか。Where is the restroom?
B: (トイレ)ここです。 It is here.
A: ありがとうございます。Thank you very much.
B: いいえ。No problem.
In this example, A asks B where the restroom is. B answers with ここ because the restroom is closer to
the speaker than the listener.
Ex. 2: You are looking for a library.
A:としょかんはどこですか。Where is the library?
B:(としょかんは)あそこです。It is over there.
A:ありがとうございます。 Thank you very much.
B: いいえ。No problem
In this example, A asks B where the library is. B answers with あそこ because the library is far away
from both of them.
Ex. 3: You are looking for your shoes.
A: わたしのくつはどこですか。Where are my shoes?
B: そこです。 They are here.
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A:  ありがとうございます。 Thank you very much.
B:  いいえ。No problem.
In this example, A asks B where her shoes are. Since the shoes are closer to the listener, the speakers
uses そこ。
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com