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Chapter 1

JAPA 101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Eega, Hiragana

Course Code
JAPA 101
Kazumi Matsumoto

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Double Consonants:
A small is used when writing or translating hiragana with double consonants. For example, the word
“Kata” is written as かた. However, if “kata” is written like “katta”, there it would be written as かっ
. In this example the “tt” results in a after the .
Katta かった
Sakka さっか
Happa はっぱ
Zasshi ざっし
Long Vowels:
If the same vowel is place one right after the other the vowel is pronounced twice as long as a single
Aa Ex. おばあさん
Ii Ex. おじいさん
Uu Ex. すうじ
Special Cases:
Ee: usually translated by adding an to an e-vowel hiragana. In some instances, may be used in
place of .
Ex. えいが     Eega
Ex. おねえさん   Oneesan
Oo: Usually translated by adding an to an o-vowel hiragana. In some cases may be used instead.
Ex.  ほうりつ   Hooritsu
Ex.  とお     Too
How to pronounce :
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