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CHEM 1161 (2)
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Alcohols, phenols, thiols, ethers.docx

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Department
Chemistry
Course
CHEM 1161
Professor
William Artrong
Semester
Fall

Description
Alcohols, phenols, thiols, ethers An alcohol contains a hydroxyl group  Phenol is an anhydroxyl group Naming Alcohols   Names of alcohols in the IUPAC system replace the –e with –ol With common names use the name of the alkyl group FOLLOWED BY ALCOHOL Name the longest chain of carbons that has the –OH group Phenols You know Thiols Found in onions and garlic Have a pungent odor Related to alcohols, but have an –SH group Ether Contains an –o— between two carbon groups Havs a common name that gives th alkyl name of the attached groups followed by ether Classifications of alcohols is determined by the number of alkyl groups attached to the  carbon bonded to the hydroxyl Primary (1 degree)  secondary (2 degree) tertiary (3 degree) Solubility of alcohols in water Alcohols contain –OH (polar) and form h­bonds with other alcohol molecules Solubility of ethers in water Can’t form a hydrogen bond really…not strong With less than four carbons are slightly soluble in water Phenols  Are slightly sol
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