Psychoanalytic Perspective

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Department
Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
Course
APSY 2240
Professor
Julia Whitcavitch- Devoy
Semester
Spring

Description
Psychoanalytic Perspective • Freud • Vocabulary ­ Free association: when an individual reports everything that comes into awareness ­ Unconscious: portion of brain that is not accessible to conscious thought ­ Manifest content: the part of dreams or other aspects of psychological experience that is  remembered and consciously considered ­ Latent content: the part of dreams or other aspects of psychological experience that  underlies the conscious portion and reveals hidden meaning ­ Id: the undifferentiated, unsocialized core of personality that contains the basic psychic  energy and motivations • Pleasure Principle: the operating principle of the id to satisfy pleasure and reduce  inner tension ­ Ego: the personality structure that develops to deal with the real world • Reality Principle: the operating force of the ego to solve real problems ­ Superego: the personality structure that develops to internalize societal rules and guide  goal­seeking behavior toward socially acceptable pursuits ­ Libido: the sexual energy that underlies psychological tension ­ Freud’s Stages • Oral stage ­ Before age 1 ­ Infants are driven to satisfy their drives of hunger and thirst • Anal Stage ­ Around age 2 • Phallic Stage ­ Around age 4 ­ Sexual energy focused on genitals • Latency Period ­ Ages 5­11 ­ No important psychosexual developments ­ Urges are not expressed; channeled into other activities • Genital Stage ­ Beginning of adolescence ­ Heterosexual relations ­ Castration Anxiety: an unconscious fear of castration that results from a boy’s struggle to  deal with his love for his mother while knowing that he cannot overcome his father ­ Oedipus Complex: a boys sexual feelings for his mother and rivalries with his father ­ Penis Envy: the phenomenon in which a girl develops feelings of inferiority and jealousy  over her lack of a penis ­ Defense Mechanisms: processes that distort reality to protect the ego • Repression: pushes threatening thoughts into the unconscious • Reaction Formation: pushes away threatening impulses by overemphasizing the  opposite in one’s thoughts and actions • Denial: when one refuses to acknowledge anxiety­provoking stimuli • Projection: when anxiety­arousing
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