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FILM 2202 (6)
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Visual Effects.docx

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Department
Film Studies
Course
FILM 2202
Professor
Anna Blake
Semester
Fall

Description
Visual Effects Special Effects • Mechanical effects (ex. Explosions, physical stunts, etc.) Visual Effects • Component of cinema that enables filmmakers to create worlds of the imagination and to overcome the  limits of time, budget, and place • OLD DEFINITION: special photographic effects added to a film *Composite*  ▯elements created separately, and combined together later • Matte = an opaque area that blocks light from the film strip, preventing the image from being shown • Counter­matte = masks the frame in an inverse manner to the matte • Travelling­mattes = a background that has already been filmed, overlapped with the foreground  characters • Male­matte (“holdout matte”) = a black silhouette of the foreground element with all other areas of the  film frame being transparent • Female­matte (“cover matte”) = an opaque frame in which the foreground figure in transparent Matte Extraction  ▯4 channels 1. Red 2. Green 3. Blue 4. Alpha Channel: specifies the pixel’s degree of transparency • Generates male and female mattes ▯ apping Z­axis: the depth in the image through which objects are arranged Z­depth map: gray scale values to visualize distance between objetcs • White = nearest to the camera • Gray/Black = farther from the camera Glass Paintings • Foreground miniatures  ▯used as set extensions o (example: Ben­Hur’s stadium was built as a one story building, yet the several more stories were  foreground miniatures Hollywood Era: Location: • “backlot filmmaking” = films are shot in indoor studio sets or outdoor studio properties Effect Tools: • Optical Printers = photograph and combine the elements of a composited effects shot o DRAWBACK: only works with “dupe footage”  ▯several generations away from the camera  negative; creates a copy of the copy; loss of image quality overtime! • Rear­screen projection (“back projection”) = combines live action in the foreground with a
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