MGMT1021 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Charismatic Authority, Gender Equality, Corporate Social Responsibility

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31 Oct 2016
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Topic 5: Leadership (p152-159)
Introduction to Leadership
LEadership describes the process, whereby a leader enlists others to help achieve a
change, vision, or goal
The contemporary study of leadership concerns itself with
Traits and behaviors of the leader. Behaviors can further be divided into
interpersonal and task related behaviors
Those being led, which include the interactions between the leader and the follow
Context, situation or contingencies that shape leadership
Shape the Leadership process
Leaders versus Managers
Leadership involves activities such as increasing organizational flexibility, helping
others understand the most important things to get done, producing change,
communicating, and inspiring
Managing involves creating order and efficiency, establishing plans, and
allocating resources; associated with a formal position
Leadership can be demonstrated by anyone regardless of position
As long as there is a person that has the capability to influence, inspire, or carry
out change through others they are considered a leader
The Leader
Traits
Describe attributes of the leader
Personality and physical
Factors of extraversion, height and weight, cognitive ability
Behaviors
What leaders do and how they act
Actions are thought to form the basis of leadership
Task behaviors, those associated with a particular task
Interpersonal behaviors, those behaviors related to people
Blake and Mouton's leadership grid shows how leaders vary in their level
of concern for either people or task and there are 5 different styles of
leadership based on degree to which a leader shows concern for people
or a task
Country Club style: high concern for people but fails to focus on
task
Impoverished style: shows no concern for people or task
Authoritarian style: high concern for task but little or no concern for
people
Team Leader: concern for both people and task
Middle of the Road: limited, by no means high concern for both
people and task
Context, Situation, Resources
How leaders change their behaviors or learn new skills as they encounter
different circumstances
Situational leadership approach suggests that successful leaders shift
their behaviors to address different situations as they arise and the leader
adjusts to a degree of support or direction gives to each follower based
on an assessment of the followers motivation and competence on a task
Houses’ path goal theory argues that leaders provide the right context for
work when there is
Rewards for work performed
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