Chapter IV, V
1. How does Locke argue that a person cannot enslave himself by consent or compact?
Under what conditions does Locke think slavery is justified?
• Aman cannot part with the freedom of nature because it is so necessary to and
closely joined with his preservation
• No one can give more power than himself, so he that cannot take his own life
cannot take away another’s
• Perfect condition of slavery is the state of war continued: for if a compact enter
between them and make an agreement for a limited power one on side and
obedience on the other, the state of war ceases
o Peace between the two, no lives lost
2. How does Locke think that things once held in common can justifiably become
• If property stays in common possession then it is useless
• They can become private property because the labor of the man’s body, and the
work of his hands can be properly said to be his
o As a result whatever he removes out of the state of nature, he has mixed wit
his labour and joined it to something that belongs to him and makes it his
This excludes the common right of other men, and he can be the only
one to have right to what the nature has been joined to
• Mix self into property to a certain extent by mixing labor into it
3. What are the just limits to the accumulation of property in the state of nature?
• The limitations to the accumulation of propert