Textbook Notes (270,000)
US (100,000)
BU (1,000)
CAS HI (30)
Chapter 13

CAS HI 101 Chapter 13: Chapter_13-European_State_Consolidation_Outline


Department
History
Course Code
CAS HI 101
Professor
Barak Caine
Chapter
13

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 13 pages of the document.
!"#$%&'()"$
*+$,&"-./)'$0123-"4$
56).3/"$789$,&"-./)'$:3)3/$5-'2-;1<)31-'$1'$36/$:/=/'3//'36$)'<$,1>63//'36$5/'3&"1/2$
$
!"#$%&'()*&'*+&,(
?"-@$36/$/)";4$2/=/'3//'36$A/'3&"4$36"-&>6$B-";<$B)"$CCD$'-$"/>1-'$2-$<-@1')3/<$36/$E-";<$.-;131A);;4D$@1;13)"1;4D$)'<$
/A-'-@1A);;4$)2$,&"-./#$
%&"1'>$3612$./"1-<D$.-E/"$261F3/<$F"-@$36/$!/<13/"")'/)'$)"/)GE6/"/$:.)1'$)'<$+-"3&>);$6)<$3)H/'$)$;/)<$1'$36/$
A-'I&/23$)'<$/)";4$/J.;-13)31-'$-F$36/$K/E$B-";<G3-$36/$23)3/2$-F$'-"36E/23$)'<$;)3/"$'-"36LA/'3");$,&"-./#$
?1=/$@)M-"$23)3/2D$N"/)3$O"13)1'D$?")'A/D$*&23"1)D$+"&221)D$)'<$P&221)$E/"/$36/$;/)<1'>$.-E/"2$1'$,&"-./#$
-&.%+/0()0&1(2"&(3&%"&'4#0561(7/45&0(89&(%/(:&.4+0&$
-&.%+/0()*&'*+&,$
o Q6/$R'13/<$+"-=1'A/2$-F$36/$K/36/";)'<$>)1'/<$1'</./'</'A/$F"-@$:.)1'$1'$7STU$(&3$A-'31'&/<$3-$()33;/$
-36/"$,&"-./)'$.-E/"2$;1H/$,'>;)'<$)'<$?")'A/$36"-&>6-&3$36/$2/A-'<$6);F$-F$36/$7T36$A/'3&"4#$
o +"1'A/$B1;;1)@$CCC$-F$V")'>/$W7XSYL7TYUZD$36/$A61/F$/J/A&31=/D$-"$stadtholderD$-F$0-;;)'<$E61A6$E)2$36/$@-23$
1@.-"3)'3$-F$36/$."-=1'A/2D$;/<$36/$%&3A6$3-$=1A3-"4$)>)1'23$?")'A/#$
o Q6/$K/36/";)'<2$@)1'3)1'/<$)$"/.&(;1A)'$2423/@$-F$>-=/"'@/'3$1'$E61A6$/)A6$-F$36/$."-=1'A/2$@)1'3)1'/<$)$
A/"3)1'$</>"//$-F$)&3-'-@4#$$Q6/$A/'3");$>-=/"'@/'3$1'$36/$K/36/";)'<2$E)2$H'-E'$)2$36/$:3)3/2$N/'/");$)'<$
@/3$1'$36/$0)>&/$(&3$36/$%&3A6$<123"&23/<$@-')"A64$)'<$6-'-"/<$36/$F"//<-@2$-F$36/$."-=1'A/2#$
o *;36-&>6$36/$-FF1A1);$"/;1>1-'$-F$36/$K/36/";)'<2$E)2$36/$P/F-"@/<$5);=1'123$56&"A6D$36/$%&3A6$3-;/")3/<$
./-.;/$-F$);;$F)1362$1'A;&<1'>$P-@)'$5)36-;1A2$)'<$[/E2#$
;'<#0(='/6$&'+%>$
o Q6/$."-2./"-&2$%&3A6$/A-'-@4$23/@@/<$F"-@$61>6$&"()'$A-'2-;1<)31-'D$3")'2F-"@/<$)>"1A&;3&"/D$/J3/'21=/$
3")</$)'<$F1')'A/D$)'<$)'$-=/"2/)2$A-@@/"A1);$/@.1"/#$
o Q6/$%&3A6$<")1'/<$)'<$"/A;)1@/<$;)'<$F"-@$36/$2/)$E61A6$(/A)@/$=/"4$F/"31;/$)'<$61>6;4$."-F13)(;/$2-1;$F-"$
F)"@1'>#$
! Q6/$%&3A6$1@.-"3/<$>")1'$E61A6$);;-E/<$F)"@/"2$3-$."-<&A/$<)1"4$."-<&A32$)'<$(//F$)'<$A&;31=)3/$
."-<&A32$;1H/$3&;1.$(&;(2#$
o %&3A6$F126/"@/'$A)&>63$)'<$2-;<$6/""1'>$)'<$<-@1')3/<$36/$<"1/<$F126$@)"H/3$1'$,&"-./#$
o %&3A6$@)'&F)A3&"/"2$2&..;1/<$3/J31;/2$3-$36/$./-.;/$36"-&>6-&3$,&"-./$
o V=/"2/)2$3")</$)'<$261.(&1;<1'>$E/"/$36/$F-&'<)31-'2$-F$36/$%&3A6$/A-'-@4#$
! Q6/$%&3A6$,)23$C'<1)$5-@.)'4$WA6)"3/"/<$1'$7XYUZ$2)1;/<$3-$)"/)2$-F$,)23$*21)G;1H/$[)=)D$!-;&AA)2D$
)'<$:"1$\)'H)G3-$.)"31A1.)3/$1'$36/$."-F13)(;/$3")</$-F$2.1A/2#$
! *;36-&>6$36/$%&3A6$1'131);;4$-';4$6)<$A-@@/"A1);$1'3/"/232$1'$3612$"/>1-'D$36/4$A)@/$3-$<-@1')3/$36/$
."-<&A31-'$-F$36/$2.1A/2$36/@2/;=/2$E61A6$;/<$36/@$3-$A-;-'1]/$@)'4$-F$36/$12;)'<2$36)3$'-E$F-"@$
C'<-'/21)$-F$E61A6$36/4$@)1'3)1'/<$.-22/221-'$&'31;$)F3/"$B-";<$B)"$CC#$
?./0/@+.(:&.4+0&$
o B6/'$B1;;1)@$CCC$<1/<$1'$7TYUD$36/$."-=1'A/2$"/2123/<$36/$"12/$-F$)$23"-'>$stadtholder$)'<$A-'2/I&/'3;4$&'1F1/<$
.-;131A);$;/)</"261.$=)'126/<#$
o Q6/$%&3A6$;-23$')=);$2&."/@)A4$E61A6$E)2$.)22/<$3-$N"/)3$O"13)1'#$
o 5-&'3"1/2$(/3E//'$E61A6$36/$%&3A6$-'A/$A)""1/<$>--<2$(/>)'$3")<1'>$<1"/A3;4$E136$/)A6$-36/"$)2$-36/"$23)3/2$
</=/;-./<$2-.61231A)3/<$261.(&1;<1'>$3/A6'-;->4#$
o Q6/$%&3A6$()'H2D$6-E/=/"D$@)1'3)1'/<$)'$1@.-"3)'3$.-2131-'$1'$36/$F1')'A1'>$3")</$)'<$36/$*@23/"<)@$23-AH$
/JA6)'>/$"/@)1'/<$)'$1@.-"3)'3$F1')'A1);$1'2313&31-'#$
$
-&.%+/0(2,/1(2,/(A/5&46(/B(?C'/$&#0(=/4+%+.#4(:&*&4/$@&0%$
-&.%+/0()*&'*+&,$
o Q6/$R'13/<$+"-=1'A/2D$;1H/$^/'1A/$)'<$36/$:E122$5-'F/</")A4D$E)2$)$"/.&(;1A$>-=/"'/<$E136-&3$)$@-')"A64#$
o ,;2/E6/"/$1'$,&"-./D$@-')"A62$"&;/<$E136$=)"41'>$</>"//2$-F$.-E/"#$
(=/4+%+.#4(8<6/4C%+6@DDE'#0.&$

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

o %&/$3-$A6)'>/2$1'$E)"F)"/$)'<$1'A"/)2/<$/J./'2/2$-F$A-@@/"A1);$A/'3");1]/<$23)3/2D$-';4$@-')"A61/2$36)3$
2&AA//</<$1'$(&1;<1'>$)$2/A&"/$F1')'A1);$()2/$36)3$E)2$'-3$</./'</'3$-'$36/$2&..-"3$-F$'-(;/2$-"$)22/@(;1/2$
)A61/=/<$)(2-;&3/$"&;/#$
o *2$E/$2)E$E136$36/$?"/'A6$B)"2$-F$"/;1>1-'D$'-(;/$F)@1;1/2$1'$?")'A/$;1H/$36/$O-&"(-'D$^);-12D$)'<$
!-'3@-"/'A4L56)31;;-'2D$6)<$21>'1F1A)'3$@1;13)"4$F-"A/2$)3$36/1"$<12.-2);$(&3$36)3$<")231A);;4$A6)'>/<$E6/'$
\-&12$_CCC$3--H$.-E/"#$
=#'4+#@&0%#'>(A/0#'.">F?094#05$
o `&//'$,;1])(/36$6)<$/23)(;126/<$)$23"-'>$A/'3");$@-')"A64$1'$,'>;)'<$)'<$36/$:3&)"3$@-')"A62$E6-$F-;;-E/<$
6/"$2-&>63$3-$/23)(;126$36/$)&3-A")A4$)A61/=/<$(4$\-&12$_C^$1'$?")'A/#$
o 0-E/=/"D$36"-&>6$36/$A-&"2/$-F$2/=/");$/=/'32$;1H/$36/$,'>;126$51=1;$B)"$)'<$36/$N;-"1-&2$P/=-;&31-'D$
+)";1)@/'3$>)1'/<$3"/@/'<-&2$.-E/"$1'$,'>;)'<$(4$36/$(/>1''1'>$-F$36/$/1>63//'36$A/'3&"4#$
$
-&.%+/0(2"'&&1(!/06%+%C%+/0#4(!'+6+6(#05(-&%%4&@&0%(+0(-%C#'%(?094#05(
G#@&6(H(
o a1'>$[)@/2$C^$-F$:A-3;)'<G36/$2-'$-F$!)"4D$`&//'$-F$:A-32D$2&AA//</<$36/$A61;<;/22$,;1])(/36$3-$36/$36"-'/$-F$
,'>;)'<$1'$7XYU#(
o 0/$23"-'>;4$(/;1/=/<$1'$36/$<1=1'/$"1>63$-F$H1'>2$)'<$/J./A3/<$3-$"&;/$E136$;133;/$A-'2&;3)31-'$(/4-'<$612$-E'$
"-4);$A-&"3#(
o C'$.;)A/$-F$.)";1)@/'3)"4$).."-=/<$"/=/'&/2D$[)@/2$>)1'/<$)$'/E$2-&"A/$-F$1'A-@/$E6/'$6/$;/=1/<$'/E$
A&23-@$<&31/2$H'-E'$)2$1@.-2131-'2$E61A6$+)";1)@/'3$F/;3$=1-;)3/<$36/1"$.-E/"$-F$36/$.&"2/#(
o +&"13)'2$E)'3/<$3-$</23"-4$36/$61/")"A61A);$-">)'1])31-'$-F$36/$*'>;1A)'$56&"A6$)'<$<-$)E)4$E136$36/$
,.12A-.);$2423/@$-F$A6&"A6$>-=/"')'A/$&'</"$(126-.2$)..-1'3/<$(4$36/$H1'>$E136$)$@-"/$"/."/2/'3)31=/$
+"/2(43/"1)'$F-"@D$(&3$[)@/2$"/F&2/<$3-$A-'21</"$36/1"$1</)2$)'<$2-&>63$3-$/'6)'A/$36/$*'>;1A)'$/.12A-.)A4#(
o !)'4$"/;1>1-&2$<122/'3/"2$;/F3$,'>;)'<$<&"1'>$[)@/2b2$"/1>'$)'<$F-&'</<$+;4@-&36$5-;-'4$1'$K-"36$*@/"1A)$
E6/"/$36/4$A-&;<$F"//;4$.")A31A/#$$(
o Q6/$A-&"3$-F$[)@/2$6)<$)$2A)'<);-&2$"/.&3)31-'$<&/$3-$36/$)&36-"134$E1/;</<$(4$36/$<&H/$-F$O&AH1'>6)@$E6-$
E)2$'-3$-';4$"&@-"/<$3-$(/$[)@/2b2$6-@-2/J&);$;-=/"$(&3$);2-$2-;<$.-2131-'2$-F$")'H$3-$36/$61>6/23$(1<</"$
E61A6$)''-4/<$36/$'-(;/2$E6-$(/;1/=/<$3612$&'</"@1'/<$36/1"$")'H#(
o !)'4$(/;1/=/<$36)3$[)@/2$2-&>63$3-$"/L5)36-;1A1]/$,'>;)'<$<&/$3-$36/$./)A/$6/$/23)(;126/<$E136$:.)1'D$36/$
F)A3$36)3$6/$"/;)J/<$./');$;)E2$)>)1'23$5)36-;1A2D$6/$<1<$'-3$"&26$3-$2/'<$3"--.2$3-$</F/'<$36/$N/"@)'$
+"-3/23)'32$)3$36/$-&3("/)H$-F$36/$Q61"34$c/)"2b$B)"D$)'<$6/$)"")'>/<$36/$@)""1)>/$-F$612$2-'D$56)";/2D$3-$
0/'"1/33)$!)"1)D$36/$5)36-;1A$<)&>63/"$-F$0/'"4$C^$-F$?")'A/#(
o C'$7XUdD$26-"3;4$(/F-"/$[)@/2b2$</)36D$,'>;)'<$)>)1'$E/'3$3-$E)"$E136$:.)1'$;)">/;4$1'$"/2.-'2/$3-$
.)";1)@/'3)"4$."/22&"/2(
!"#'4&6(H(
o *;36-&>6$."/22&"/$F"-@$+)";1)@/'3$.;&'>/<$,&"-./$1'3-$E)"$E136$:.)1'D$132$@/@(/"2$"/F&2/<$3-$);;-E$56)";/2$
3-$")12/$3)J/2$36)3$E/"/$'//</<$3-$F1')'A/$36/$E)"#(
o 56)";/2$</A1</<$3-$;/=4$'/E$3)"1FF2$)'<$<&31/2$)'<$)<</<$)$3)J$-'$."-./"34$-E'/"2GE61A6$E)2$A);;/<$)$F-"A/<$
;-)'$E61A6$36/$@-')"A64$E)2$36/-"/31A);;4$2&..-2/<$3-$"/.)4G)'<$1@."12-'/<$36-2/$E6-$"/F&2/<$3-$.)4#(
o +/-.;/$1'$,'>;)'<$E/"/$-&3")>/<$E6/'$3"--.2$E/"/$I&)"3/"/<$1'$."1=)3/$6-@/2#(
o +)";1)@/'3$@/3$1'$7XU8$)'<$)>"//<$3-$>")'3$'/E$F&'<2$3-$56)";/2$1F$6/$)>"//<$3-$21>'$36/$+/3131-'$-F$P1>63$36)3$
"/I&1"/<$'-$F-"A/<$;-)'2$-"$3)J/2$E136-&3$+)";1)@/'3b2$A-'2/'3D$36)3$'-$F"//@)'$26-&;<$(/$1@."12-'/<$
E136-&3$<&/$A)&2/D$)'<$3"--.2$26-&;<$'-3$(/$I&)"3/"/<$1'$."1=)3/$6-@/2#(
o 56)";/2$)>"//<$3-$13$(&3$36/'$<122-;=/<$+)";1)@/'3$36/$'/J3$4/)"$1'$7XUd$)'<$<1<$'-3$"/A);;$13$&'31;$7XdY#(
o c/)"2$-F$+/"2-');$P&;/(
! 56)";/2$/'</<$612$E)"2$E136$?")'A/$)'<$:.)1'$1'$-"</"$3-$A-'2/"=/$@-'/4(
! 012$A61/F$)<=12-"D$Q6-@)2$B/'3E-"36D$E-"H/<$3-$A/'3");1]/$36/$.-E/"$-F$36/$@-')"A64$)'<$/J.;-13/<$
/=/"4$@/)'2$.-221(;/$3-$1@.-2/$'/E$3)J/2#(
! C'$7X8TD$56)";/2GE136$36/$6/;.$-F$*"A6(126-.$B1;;1)@$\)&<LL)33/@.3/<$3-$1@.-2/$36/$,'>;126$
/.12A-.)3/$2423/@$)'<$.")4/"$(--H$-'$:A-3;)'<$1'$-"</"$3-$/23)(;126$"/;1>1-&2$&'1F-"@134#(
Q6/$:A-32$"/(/;;/<$)'<$56)";/2$E)2$F-"A/<$3-$A);;$+)";1)@/'3$1'3-$2/221-'$1'$7XdY$1'$-"</"$3-$
")12/$"/=/'&/$3-$2&.."/22$36/$"/(/;;1-'#(
+)";1)@/'3$"/F&2/<$3-$);;-A)3/$@-"/$F&'<2$3-$56)";/2$)'<$6/$1@@/<1)3/;4$<122-;=/<$
+)";1)@/'3#(

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

B6/'$36/$:A-32$</F/)3/<$36/$,'>;126$)3$36/$O)33;/$-F$K/E(&"'D$56)";/2$"/A-'=/'/<$+)";1)@/'3$
F-"$)$;-'>$<&")31-'#(
2"&(I/09(=#'4+#@&0%(#05(!+*+4(J#'((
o ,'/@1/2$-F$56)";/2$1'$+)";1)@/'3(
! \)'<-E'/"2$)'<$@/"A6)'32$<1<$'-3$)>"//$E136$612$F1')'A1);$@/)2&"/2$)'<$.)3/"');1231A$"&;/#(
! +&"13)'2$1'$+)";1)@/'3$"/2/'3/<$612$"/;1>1-&2$.-;1A1/2$)'<$<123"&23/<$612$5)36-;1A$E1F/#(
o +)";1)@/'3$F-"A/2$56)";/2$3-$@//3$E136$36/@$A-'31'&-&2;4$F"-@$7XdYL7XXY(
! %&"1'>$3612$2/221-'$36/$0-&2/$-F$5-@@-'2$1@./)A6/<$:3")FF-"<$)'<$\)&<$)'<$(-36$E/"/$/J/A&3/<#(
! +)";1)@/'3$)(-;126/<$36/$"-4);$A-&"32$&2/<$3-$/'F-"A/$"-4);$.-;1A4$)'<$."-61(13/<$36/$;/=41'>$-F$'/E$
3)J/2$E136-&3$132$A-'2/'3#(
! P/;1>1-&2$122&/2$<1=1</<$+)";1)@/'3(
O-36$@-</")3/$+&"13)'2$W36/$+"/2(43/"1)'2Z$)'<$@-"/$/J3"/@/$+&"13)'2$W36/$C'</./'</'32Z$
E)'3/<$3-$)(-;126$(126-.2$)'<$36/$O--H$-F$5-@@-'$+")4/"#(
P/;1>1-&2$A-'2/"=)31=/2D$6-E/=/"D$E)'3/<$3-$."/2/"=/$36/$56&"A6$-F$,'>;)'<$1'$132$A&""/'3$
F-"@#(
! 51=1;$B)"$,"&.32(
C'$7Xd7D$+)";1)@/'3$E)2$)2H/<$3-$")12/$"/=/'&/$1'$-"</"$3-$2&.."/22$36/$:A-33126$"/(/;;1-'#(
+)";1)@/'3$F/)"/<$E6)3$36/$H1'>$E-&;<$<-$1F$6/$6)<$)'$)"@4$)3$612$<12.-2);$2-$36/4$<12A&22/<$
@)H1'>$+)";1)@/'3$A-@@)'</"$e1'$eA61/F$-F$36/$)"@/<$F-"A/2#(
C'$[)'&)"4$7XdUD$56)";/2$1'=)</<$)$@//31'>$-F$+)";1)@/'3$1'3/'3$-'$)""/231'>$A/"3)1'$@/@(/"2$
E6-$-..-2/<$612$.-;1A1/2#$$56)";/2$36/'$;/F3$\-'<-'$3-$")12/$)'$)"@4$3-$2&.."/22$36/$"/(/;;1-&2$
@/@(/"2$-F$+)";1)@/'3#(
Q6/$0-&2/$-F$5-@@-'2$.)22/<$36/$!1;131)$V"<1')'A/$E61A6$>)=/$+)";1)@/'3$36/$)&36-"134$3-$
")12/$)'$)"@4$-F$132$-E'#(
?1>631'>$(/3E//'$36/$P-&'<6/)<2$W36-2/$E6-$2&..-"3/<$+)";1)@/'3Z$)'<$36/$5)=);1/"2$W36-2/$
E6-$2&..-"3/<$36/$H1'>Z$E)>/<$E)"$F"-@$7XdUL7XdX#(
)4+*&'(!'/@,&44(#05(%"&(=C'+%#0(K&$C<4+.(
o QE-$F)A3-"2$;/<$3-$+)";1)@/'3b2$=1A3-"4$-=/"$36/$H1'>(
! +)";1)@/'3$/23)(;126/<$)'$);;1)'A/$E136$:A-3;)'<$1'$7Xd8$36)3$A-@@133/<$+)";1)@/'3$3-$)$+"/2(43/"1)'$
2423/@$-F$A6&"A6$>-=/"'@/'3#(
! V;1=/"$5"-@E/;;D$)$A-&'3"4$2I&1"/$H'-E'$F-"$<12A1.;1'/$)'<$612$</=-&3$+&"13)'$(/;1/F2D$3--H$A6)">/$-F$
36/$P-&'<6/)<$)"@4#(
o Q6/$5)=);1/"2$E/"/$</F/)3/<$@1;13)"1;4$(4$[&'/$-F$7XdSD$@/@(/"2$-F$+)";1)@/'3$H'-E'$3-$(/$24@.)361]/"2$-F$
56)";/2$E/"/$/J./;;/<$F"-@$+)";1)@/'3$1'$%/A/@(/"$7XdfD$36/'$-'$[)'&)"4$8YG)F3/"$)$g2./A1);h$3"1);G56)";/2$
E)2$/J/A&3/<#(
o +)";1)@/'3$)(-;126/<$36/$@-')"A64D$36/$0-&2/$-F$\-"<2D$)'<$36/$*'>;1A)'$56&"A6#(
o 5"-@E/;;$"&;/2$,'>;)'<(
! ?"-@$7Xdi$3-$7XXYD$,'>;)'<$E)2$)$+&"13)'$"/.&(;1A$);36-&>6$5"-@E/;;$<-@1')3/<$13#(
! 5"-@E/;;b2$)"@4$("&3);;4$A-'I&/"/<$:A-3;)'<$)'<$C"/;)'<$E6/"/$36/4$A)""1/<$-&3$)3"-A131/2$)>)1'23$
C"126$5)36-;1A2#(
! B6/'$36/$0-&2/$-F$5-@@-'2$2&>>/23/<$36)3$5"-@E/;;$<12()'<$612$)"@4$-F$SYDYYY$@/'$(/A)&2/$13$
E)2$/J./'21=/$3-$@)1'3)1'D$6/$<12()'</<$+)";1)@/'3$)'<$')@/<$61@2/;F$\-"<$+"-3/A3-"$-F$,'>;)'<$
E61A6$6/$"&;/<$(4$@/)'2$-F$)$@1;13)"4$<1A3)3-"261.#(
! Q6/$,'>;126$./-.;/$6)3/<$36/$23"1A3$+&"13)'$"/>&;)31-'2$)>)1'23$<"&'H/''/22D$36/)3/">-1'>D$)'<$
<)'A1'>$)2$.-;131A);$;1(/"34$=)'126/<$F-"$36/$2)H/$-F$"/;1>1-&2$A-'F-"@134#(
! B6/'$5"-@E/;;$<1/<$1'$7XSfD$36/$./-.;/$-F$,'>;)'<$E/"/$"/)<4$3-$"/23-"/$*'>;1A)'12@$)'<$36/$
@-')"A64#(
!"#'4&6(HH(#05(%"&(K&6%/'#%+/0(/B(A/0#'.">(
o 56)";/2$CCG36/$2-'$-F$36/$(/6/)</<$56)";/2GE)2$)2H/<$(4$36/$;/)</"2$-F$,'>;)'<b2$)"@/<$F-"A/2$3-$"/3&"'$
)'<$3)H/$36/$36"-'/#(
o 56)";/2$CC$3--H$36/$36"-'/$1'$7XXY$)'<$1@@/<1)3/;4$"/23-"/<$,'>;)'<$3-$36/$'-"@);A4$-F$7XdU$E136$)$
6/"/<13)"4$@-')"A6D$)$+)";1)@/'3$-F$\-"<2$)'<$5-@@-'2$36)3$@/3$-';4$E6/'$2&@@-'/<$(4$36/$H1'>D$)'<$36/$
*'>;1A)'$56&"A6#(
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version