Public policy; what problems are public and private?
Political policies as "pursuit of goals"
Test postulates with the "real world"
Machiavelli's "The Prince" marks modern political theory
How America come to be; "The Federalist"
Karl Marx and Max Weber understand that politically weak can be ignored by the society
Fundamental questions of fairness
John Rawl's "A Theory of Justice"
"Who gets what, when, and how?"
Influence of interest groups and business
But are politicians actin in the "public interest"?
Public deems the political world "dishonest" and "playing with politics"
Politics and the Policy Process
"Struggle in gov't over who gets what"
"What ever gov't chooses to do or not to do"
"Programs to achieve goals"
Various definitions of public policy
Response to problems that require attention
Policies are interpreted by the public
Statement by gov't of what it intends to do about a problem
Key attributes of public policy
Lack of policy is an implicit policy
Public policies tend to problems that causes the society distress
Ideas and Problems in the Policy Process
Power comes from the consent of the governed
People have sovereignty; gov't must work in people's interest
Public interest; assumed broader desires and needs
Classical liberalism; John Locke's "Second Treatise of Civil Gov't"
What Makes Public Policy "Public"?
We all want our interest to be heard
Why Do We Study Public Policy?
Comparative public policy
Public policy has four variants
The Place of Policy Studies in the Social Sciences
Gov't does not work towards one goal
NOT neutral; problems are identified and analyzed normatively, one group benefits
Evidence is useful, but not always necessary
Little evidence is needed to appeal to popular prejudices and common misconceptions,
Evidence and Argument in the Policy Process
Birkland Chapter 1: Introduction to The Policy Process
Saturday, January 18, 2014