CAS CL 213 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Pg. 99, Oea, Helenus

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WCM Ch.5: Dancing the Labyrinth
I. Artemis=Diana, “hiig oe (lunar)wood nymph of sacred oak grove
II. Apollo/Phoeus, “hiig
A. Later became associated with the sun
B. aed afte the lua goddess, Phoee, ho eds up eoig his gadothe.
(pg. 95)
C. Also called Letoides Letos hild or Letogenes (Leto-born)
D. All his names are matrilineal
III. the Lati esios of the tis ae oe Ido-Euopeaized tha the Geek… pg. 
IV. The tis ee oe Goddess ad Cosot, efoe the eae ti siligs, ad in
foe ties, the pesided oe the Ceta ull dae… pg. 
V. The sto of thei ith…is eall the sto of thei eith ito thei lassial
idetities… pg. 
A. Apollo—)eus faoite so
B. Born: Delos
C. Hea ade sue that Leto ouldt gie ith on land (Delos was an islandnot
tethered)
VI. The Contest w/ Niobe
A. Zeus had 2 other twins at Thebes
1. Amphion
a) usiia, ho plaed the le (pg. 96)
b) Married Nioe siste of the Pelops; ae fo Aatolia, pg. 98)
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Had 14 children (7M; 7F) a pai fo each of the Seven Gates of
Thees pg. 
Niobe bragged that she was better than Leto b/c she had 14 children
whereas Leto had 2
Artemis & Apollo shot & killed all 14 children & turned everyone else
to stone
Some thought that 2 of the children were spared
o Amyklas supposed kig of the Aklai sistehood, hose
god as a still piodial Apollo (pg. 99)
o Meliboia, Hoe-o
destied to eai i he hthoi ole pg. 
Maied a ti ho eae lod of a plae that as
mythically a Gateway to the etheold. pg. 
2. Zethos
a) Aggressive man (hunter & archer)
b) Hated Aphios effeiate talet pg. 
c) Married Thebe (aquatic nymph)
B. The brothers built the walls (fortification) of Thebes
C. Antiope, Opposite Fae –the tis othe
1. 2 mates: Zeus & Lykos, olf
2. Lykos kidnapped Antiope, but she escaped & had the twins on Mt. Kithairon
D. Brothers both ruled Thebes
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VII. Archery & Intoxication
A. Eros—Aphodites so; uko fathe
B. Eos aos: loe; Apollo & Ateis aos: death Ateis: aps, hildith, &
other feminine problems)
C. The wolf is always the enemy of Apollo & Artemis
D. The bows bowstring could create music which brought a peaceful trance which
allowed the Olympian age to manifest
E. Lyre ieted …Hees, ho the gae it to hi. pg. 
1. epeseted a soli ediatio etee hthoi ad Olpia olds.
(pg. 101)
2. Apollo leade of the sistehood of ie Muses (pg. 101)
VIII. The Contest w/ Hyakinthos
A. Apollo & Artemis could never be near dogs/wolves & their sexuality was fixed at
puberty (love affairs disastrous as well)
B. Apollo loved Hyakinthos (boy of Amyklai, near Sparta)
C. Apollo killed him on accident like Athena did w/ Pallas (throwing the discus)
D. Zephyrus (west wind) loved Hyakinthos so he manipulated the wind & killed
Hyakinthos (another version said it was Boreas (north wind)
E. Other version: Thamyris (poet) halleged Apollo to a opetitio & he lost pg.
102)
1. lided; ad his oie ad istuet, destoed pg. 102)
2. took plae…i Thessal… pg. , ot Aklai
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