Birkland Chapter 1: Introduction to The Policy Process
Saturday, January 18, 2014
I. Politics and the Policy Process
○ Public policy; what problems are public and private?
○ Machiavelli's "The Prince" marks modern political theory
Political policies as "pursuit of goals"
Test postulates with the "real world"
□ The Enlightenment
○ How America come to be; "The Federalist"
Hamilton, Madison, Jay
○ Karl Marx and Max Weber understand that politically weak can be ignored by the society
○ John Rawl's "A Theory of Justice"
Fundamental questions of fairness
○ What is politics?
"Who gets what, when, and how?"
○ Public deems the political world "dishonest" and "playing with politics"
Influence of interest groups and business
But are politicians actin in the "public interest"?
II. What is Public Policy?
○ Various definitions of public policy
"Struggle in gov't over who gets what"
"What ever gov't choosesto do or not to do"
"Programsto achieve goals"
○ Key attributes of public policy
Response to problems that require attention
"On public's behalf"
Work towards a goal
Made by the gov't
Policies are interpreted by the public
Statementby gov't of what it intends to do about a prob