Textbook Notes (367,881)
United States (205,907)
CAS PO 331 (15)
All (5)
Chapter 7

COMPLETE The Policymaking Process Notes - Chapter 7 (4.0ed this course!)

3 Pages
137 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
CAS PO 331
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Birkland Chapter 7: Policies and Policy Types Saturday, January 18, 2014 10:22 AM I. What is a "Policy"? ○ Policy is a statementby the gov't of what it intendsto do  Rules, laws, and judicial decisions  Lack of definitive statementis an implicit policy □ Right to education, healthcare II. Codifying and Publicizing Policies ○ Levels of policies and publication  Constitutional;highly visible and hard to amend (2/3 of each House and Senate and 3/4 of state legislatures) ○ Once a law is enacted, they are published in the Federal Register  The most important ones are codified in the Code of Federal Regulations □ All laws are published after public comments are taken on the Federal Register  The public criticizes that there are too many regulationsbut the Federal Register serves as a transparency of the gov't to the public ○ Most regulations begin with "Notice of Proposed Rulemaking"that alerts people of the possibility of a new regulations and the commentsare organized on the Federal Register ○ Regulationscan have an implication on needy people  TemporaryAssistancefor Needy Families (TANF) and Supplemental Nutrition AssistanceProgram (SNAP) ○ Regulationson street-level bureaucrats  People at the frontline of public service; police, teachers and social workers that affect regulation management □ Security screeners after 9/11 becamemore thorough  Laws can change the behaviors of the bureaucrats □ After Mapp v. Ohio, police officers have been altering their testimonies of evidence □ Police interest and the decision interests conflict; priority is to arrest and collect evidence, not protect the suspects' civil rights  Laws can also alter "purposive behaviors" □ Security screeners targeting Middle Eastern travelers ○ Case Study: An Example of the RegulatoryProcess  After the crash of ValuJet flight 592 in 1996, cargoes had to meet a higher standard for fire resistance  Federal Aviation Admin first posted on Notice o Proposed Rulemaking, acceptedcomments and then agreed to adopt a law  Congress would have been bogged down by peoples' desires to comment and input III. Policy Types ○ How interests are organized and how various interests react to different kinds of policies ○ Early policy typologies separatedinto topical categories  Education, health, transportation  Did not help us understand the underlying politics a. Distributive, Regulatory, and Redistributive Policies  Knowing the typology of the regulationshelps us understand and predict the conflicts that may arise from implementing and how to prevent it i. Distributive Policies: Granting some benefit to a certain group □ Farm subsidiesand federal spending on local infrastructure □ Important for congressmen to bring home the "bacon"from the "pork barrel" for reelection, many will negotiateand support("horse trading") each others' causes because everyone benefits politically ("logrolling") □ This kind of policies may be problematicin a democracy because of the heavy influenceof interest groups, making it "interest group liberalism" ii. Regulatory Policies: Govern the conduct of business 1) Competitiveregulatorypolicy: "Limit the provision of goods and services to one or a few deliverers" - Licensing professionals such as lawyers and doctors ◊ Ensures the training and competency ◊ Ensures the training and competency ◊ Barriers to the market, creating a higher pay - Awarding of cable vision and radio franchises to local gov'
More Less

Related notes for CAS PO 331

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit