Psych Notes Ch. 9

2 Pages

Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course Code
CAS PS 261
David Shim

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Ch. 9: Prosocial Behavior ­Prosocial Behavior: actions by individuals that help others (altruistic) ­Motives for Prosocial Behavior= ­Empathy Altruism: Solely motivated by desire to help someone in need ­empathy: capacity to be able to experience others’ emotional stress ­emotional empathy­ sharing feelings ­empathic accuracy­ perceiving others’ thoughts (good social  adjustment) ­empathic concern­ feelings of concern for others’ well­being ­Negative­State Relief: Helping to reduce unpleasant feelings ­Empathic Joy: Feels good to have positive effect on people, enjoys reactions ­Competitive Altruism: boosts reputation and status to help others (business) ­Kin Selection Theory: Helping those who are like us, gene continuation ­Defensive Helping: helping outgroup to reduce threat to ingroup ­Responding in an Emergency: Will Bystanders Help? ­Diffusion of Responsibility: Belief that others will take care of it, do nothing ­Darley & Latané: more bystanders, less likely to help ­Aversive Racism: 
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