Psych Ch. 3 Notes

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Department
Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course
CAS PS 261
Professor
David Shim
Semester
Spring

Description
Ch. 3: Social Perception NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION ­Nonverbal Communication: info provided no by words but facial expressions, eye  contact, body movements, postures & even changes in body chemistry ­Attribution: process through which we attempt to understand reasons behind others’  behavior ­Impression formation: how we form first impressions of others ­Impression Management: (Self­presentation), how we try to insure impressions are  favorable ­Nonverbal cues are generally irrepressible ­Five Basic Emotions Represented Clearly: anger, fear, happiness, sadness, disgust ­Staring: interpreted as sign of anger or hostility, found disturbing ­Body Language: reveals others’ emotional states, large numbers of movements: high  level of arousal or nervousness, gestures= more specific ­Paralinguistic Cues: changes in tone or inflection of others’ voices ­Men who sniffed ovulating women’s T­shirts showed high levels of testosterone even  though they didn’t smell a difference ­Facial Feedback Hypothesis: close link between the facial expressions we show and our  internal feelings—works both ways= we are also affected by our facial expressions  (smile= more happy) ­Linguistic Style: people’s tendency to stop, start, begin again sentences IDNETIFYING DECPTION 1. Microexpressions: fleeting facial expression identification 2. Interchannel Discrepancies: inconsistencies b/w nonverbal cues from basic  channels (channel= body language, facial expressions, etc) 3. Eye Contact: people who are lying often blink more often & have dilated pupils,  unusually low or high level of eye contact 4. Exaggerated Facial Expressions: smile more, greater sorrow, etc. ATTRIBUTION ­Correspondent Inference: asks how we use info about others’ behavior as basis for  inferring their traits ­Noncommon Effects: effect
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