Race and Ethnicity
Not White or Black, but In Between: Latinos andAsianAmericans Expanding the
Language of Colorblind Racism:
• As “brown” and “yellow” races increase, what changes can we expect in the way race
and group membership are discussed and perceived (rather than black or white)?
• Some think it will end white domination [pluralism/browning prediction]—thinks that
Latinos and Asians are “people of color,” more like blacks than whites
• Some think Latinos and Asians will whiten, which is supported by George Yancey
(2003), and black-white dichotomy will remain the main race structure in US.
o Follows classic model of assimilation—immigrant groups model themselves after
dominant group to reap advantages of society
• Third perspective: more complex than swaying “black or white”
o Bonilla-Silva developed Latin-Americanization of race relations thesis
o Takes middle ground and proposes “trichotomy” as in whites, honorary whites,
and the “collective black”
o 25% of Latinos and Asians will become “honorary whites” and 75% are
o What is the position of honorary whites?
• Colorblind Racism’s Ideology
o Ignore references to “color” and communicate racism through code words
(“welfare mothers”) and minimizes significance of systematic racism and instead
“blames the victims” for problems
o Bonilla-Silva identified four frames of colorblind racism:
Abstract liberalism—an individualistic discourse which evaluates people’s
success or lack thereof as a result of their individual motivations, talents
and free choice, downplaying any structural limitations (“I don’t see
Naturalization—views social facts such as racial segregation as race-
neutral results of “human nature” and a benign desire for people to be with
others more like themselves.
Cultural racism—interprets a social fact such as racial differences in
income as a result of cultural factors not having to do wit